What is the definition of terrorism in the US?
•• U.S. Department of Defense Definition of Terrorism: terrorism refers to “the calcu- lated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally
What is the army manual definition of terrorism?
Army Manual definition terrorism is the “calculated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate fear. It is intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies
What is the difference between terrorism and mala prohibita?
Terrorist acts are both mala prohibita acts and mala in se acts. Mala prohibita acts are “crimes that are made illegal by legislation”; mala in se acts are crimes “that are immoral or wrong in themselves.” 22. Terrorism is, first and foremost, a method, and it is used in times of peace and conflict.
What is domestic terrorism?
Domestic terrorism: Violent, criminal acts committed by individuals and/or groups to further ideological goals stemming from domestic influences, such as those of a political, religious, social, racial, or environmental nature.
Is there a legal definition of transnational terrorism?
This followed the somewhat controversial judgment of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon in 2011, which found that since at least 2005, a definition of “transnational terrorism” has existed within customary international law:
What is the definition of terrorism according to NCTC?
“NCTC uses the definition of terrorism found in Title 22, which provides that terrorism is “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents.” 4
What are the characteristics of a terrorist act?
All terrorist acts involve violence or the threat of violence. Terrorism is specifically designed to have far-reaching psychological effects beyond the immediate victim (s) or object of the terrorist attack.
What is pre-Vention of terrorism?
Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989: “….the use of violence for political ends, and includes any use of violence for the purpose of putting the public or any section of the public in fear.” 8. That definition had major drawbacks.
What is the North Atlantic Treaty Organization definition of terrorism?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Definition of Terrorism. The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence against individuals or property in an attempt to coerce or intimidate governments or societies to achieve political, religious or ideological objectives.
The Intelligence Community is guided by the definition of terrorism contained in Title 22 of the US Code, Section 2656f (d): The term “terrorism” means premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents.
What is the Central Intelligence Agency definition of terrorism?
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Definition of Terrorism. The term “international terrorism” means terrorism involving the territory or the citizens of more than one country. The term “terrorist group” means any group that practices, or has significant subgroups that practice, international terrorism.
What is depassivation and passivation?
Depassivation is the loss or the removal of the surface oxide layer of a metal. Since metals will corrode in certain environments, including when in the presence of water, the chemical process of passivation is used to add a protective metal oxide layer to combat this characteristic.
What is the National Counterterrorism Center definition of terrorism?
National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) Definition of Terrorism. “NCTC uses the definition of terrorism found in Title 22, which provides that terrorism is “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents.”.
What is street terrorism?
1 : the unlawful use or threat of violence especially against the state or the public as a politically motivated means of attack or coercion. 2 : violent and intimidating gang activity street terrorism.
What is the Federal Bureau of Investigation definition of terrorism?
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Definition of Terrorism. The unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.
What is the threat of militant Islamic terrorism?
In the wake of the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the U.S., the threat of militant Islamic terrorism — rooted in the Middle East and South Asia — has taken center stage. While these extremely violent religious extremists represent a minority view, their threat is real.
What is the meaning of Aviculture?
Definition of aviculture. : the raising and care of birds and especially of wild birds in captivity.
What are the key elements of a terrorism response?
This page also offers access to information on other important elements of a terrorism response such as safety management, safeguarding building ventilation, bloodborne Infectious Disease, mail handling, and chemical hazards.
What is government abuse of terrorism?
Government abuse is an over-reaction to terrorism and can be followed by a backlash by citizens. One of the aims of a terrorist act is to precipitate an inappropriate reaction by governments (12).
How serious is the threat of terrorism?
Years after these attacks, the threat landscape has expanded considerably, and international terrorism remains a serious threat. The threat of domestic terrorism also remains persistent overall, with actors crossing the line from exercising First Amendment-protected rights to committing crimes in furtherance of violent agendas.
Is the concept of Terror a new one?
As was discussed in Module 1, the concept of “terror” is not a new one, having existed in different forms for centuries. The reasons for this are many. There are a number of possible explanations for this, some of which are explored below in relation to ongoing efforts to agree on a Comprehensive Convention.