Can you have Hypertropia in both eyes?

The American Optometric Association defines strabismus as a “condition in which both eyes do not look at the same place at the same time.” It can present as one eye drifting inward (esotropia), outward (exotropia), upward (hypertropia), or downward (hypotropia).

Can Hypertropia be corrected?

Surgery: This is the most common way to correct hypertropia. An ophthalmologist can loosen, tighten, or move certain eye muscles so that the eyes line up properly to work together. 7 Glasses: People with hypertropia often have double vision, and doctors may prescribe prism glasses to correct the problem.

What causes vertical misalignment of eyes?

Hypertropia may be either congenital or acquired, and misalignment is due to imbalance in extraocular muscle function. The superior rectus, inferior rectus, superior oblique, and inferior oblique muscles affect the vertical movement of the eyes. These muscles can be paretic, restrictive (fibrosis) or overactive.

Can Hypertropia cause headaches?

With this condition, the eyes can cross (esotropia), turn out (exotropia), or undergo vertical deviation (hypertropia). Any strabismus may cause headaches, with the same signs and symptoms as convergence insufficiency; however, strabismus diagnosed by the ophthalmologist differentiates the two conditions.

What causes Hypertropia in eyes?

What Causes Hypertropia? Hypertropia happens when the eye muscles are imbalanced and don’t work together. The most common cause is weakness (called palsy) in the nerves in the brain that control eye movement. Some people are born with this eye weakness, but it can also happen later in life.

What is Esotropia?

Esotropia is a type of strabismus (eye misalignment) in which one or both eyes turn inward. Although the condition occurs most commonly in infants and children, it can develop at any age.

What is Brown’s syndrome?

Brown syndrome is a problem with the tendon that attaches to the outside of the eye (superior oblique muscle tendon). In Brown syndrome, this tendon can’t move freely. This limits the eye’s normal movements. The superior oblique muscle is responsible for: Pulling the eye toward the midline.

What is intermittent strabismus?

Intermittent esotropia is a type of strabismus that causes the eye to turn inward. This type of strabismus can often be controlled for most of the day. However, it most frequently occurs during stressful situations or prolonged near vision activities.

What is Duane syndrome?

Duane syndrome (DS) is an eye movement disorder present at birth (congenital) characterized by horizontal eye movement limitation: a limited ability to move the eye inward toward the nose (adduction), outward toward the ear (abduction), or in both directions.

What is hypertropia and hypotropia?

Hypertropia is a condition of misalignment of the eyes (strabismus), whereby the visual axis of one eye is higher than the fellow fixating eye. Hypotropia is the similar condition, focus being on the eye with the visual axis lower than the fellow fixating eye.

What is hypotropia (downward turn of eye)?

Vertical strabismus is termed hypotropia (downward turn of the eye) or hypertropia (upward turn of the eye). Therefore, hypotropia is a form of vertical strabismus where one eye deviates downwards in comparison to the other eye. Symptoms of hypotropia can range from cosmetic to visual perceptual.

What does it mean when one eye is hypertropic?

If the lights seen by one eye are below the expected position, it means that eye is hypertropic (the image is projected on the superior retinal quadrants, which perceive the lower visual fields). If the patient sees less than 4 lights, suppression is present.

What are the treatment options for hypertropia of the eye?

Surgical correction of the hypertropia is desired to achieve binocularity, manage diplopia and/or correct the cosmetic defect. Steps to achieve the same depend on mechanism of the hypertropia and identification of the offending muscles causing the misalignment.