What causes midbrain?

The midbrain is supplied by branches arising from the posterior cerebral artery (PCA), upper basilar artery (BA), and the superior cerebellar artery.

How does midbrain affect behavior?

The midbrain serves many roles, including motor function. It also plays a major role in receiving and integrating sensory information, particularly visual and auditory input. Damage to the midbrain can result in a wide variety of movement disorders, difficulty with vision and hearing, and trouble with memory.

How is the midbrain damaged?

Most brain stem injuries are a result of swelling from other brain injuries. Swelling can push the brain stem against the skull and cause damage. You can also damage the brain stem if you suffer a diffuse axonal injury that tears the brain cells in the pons or medulla.

What is a brain stem stroke?

Only a half-inch in diameter, the brain stem controls all basic activities of the central nervous system: consciousness, blood pressure and breathing. All motor control for the body flows through it. Brain stem strokes can impair any or all of these functions.

When should you call 911 for a brain stem stroke?

If someone you know experiences any of these warning signs for a brain stem stroke, do not hesitate to call 911. Strokes that cut off or limit blood flow to the brain stem can affect the body in many different ways, including causing severe impairments, locked in syndrome, and even death.

What are the treatment options for a stroke?

A stroke of any kind is considered a medical emergency and needs to be treated immediately. Diagnosis of a brain stem stroke often requires imaging scans and blood tests. Treatment of the blood flow issue will usually involve blood clotting or clot dissolving medicines. In some cases, surgery is required.

When do the symptoms of a brainstem stroke peak?

Stroke symptoms usually reach peak severity in the hours and days immediately following the initial onset of stroke before beginning to heal. Careful medical monitoring and care can help maximize recovery and decrease disability after a brainstem stroke. Was this page helpful?