Where is Aceh located in Indonesia?

Government official site. Aceh (/ˈɑːtʃeɪ/); (Acehnese: Acèh ([ʔaˈtɕɛh]); Jawi: اچيه‎; Dutch: Atjeh or Acheh; Indonesian: Provinsi Aceh) is a special region of Indonesia. The territory is located at the northern end of Sumatra.

Who are the indigenous people of Aceh?

There are ten indigenous ethnic groups in this region, the largest being the Acehnese people, accounting for approximately 80% to 90% of the region’s population. Due to strict religious practices including public flogging, despite among Indonesia’s highest birthrates, population outflow is common, particularly out of Banda Aceh itself.

What is the history of human settlement in Aceh?

According to several archaeological findings, the first evidence of human habitation in Aceh is from a site near the Tamiang River where shell middens are present. Stone tools and faunal remains were also found on the site. Archeologists believe the site was first occupied around 10,000 BCE. Head of Avalokiteshvara from Aceh.

How did the British gain control of Aceh from the Dutch?

Under the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 the British ceded their colonial possessions on Sumatra to the Dutch. In the treaty, the British described Aceh as one of their possessions, although they had no actual control over the Sultanate. Initially, under the agreement the Dutch agreed to respect Aceh’s independence.

What is the history of Islam in North Aceh?

At Pasai, in what is now the North Aceh Regency, there was a thriving international port. Pires attributed the establishment of Islam in Pasai to the ‘cunning’ of the Muslim merchants. The ruler of Pasai, however, had not been able to convert the people of the interior.

What is the history of Islam in Aceh?

Aceh is the place where the spread of Islam in Indonesia began, and was a key factor of the spread of Islam in Southeast Asia. Islam reached Aceh (Kingdoms of Fansur and Lamuri) around 1250 AD. In the early 17th century the Sultanate of Aceh was the most wealthy, powerful and cultivated state in the Malacca Straits region.