What was the French Art Nouveau movement?

Art Nouveau, ornamental style of art that flourished between about 1890 and 1910 throughout Europe and the United States. Art Nouveau is characterized by its use of a long, sinuous, organic line and was employed most often in architecture, interior design, jewelry and glass design, posters, and illustration.

Who introduced Art Nouveau in France?

In France, the chief Art Nouveau designers included Louis Majorelle, Emile Gallé, and Eugène Vallin, all based in Nancy; and, Tony Selmersheim, Édouard Colonna and Eugène Gaillard, who worked in Paris – the latter two specifically for Siegfried Bing’s shop named L’Art Nouveau (later giving the whole movement its most …

What happened in Paris as Art Nouveau formed?

The Paris Universal Exposition (1900) The Paris Universal Exposition of 1900 marked the summit of Art Nouveau in Paris, bringing together many of the artists and designers who pioneered the style, and making the style known to the forty-eight million visitors to the Exposition.

Who was France’s most influential Art Nouveau designer?

Hector Guimard is by far the best-known French Art Nouveau architect, whose work is easily recognized among other masters of the style.

Who was involved in Art Nouveau?

10 Art Nouveau Artists Who Defined the Movement

  • Aubrey Beardsley. Lifetime: 1872–1898.
  • Gustav Klimt. Lifetime: 1862–1918.
  • Alphonse Mucha. Lifetime: 1860–1939.
  • Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. Lifetime: 1864–1901.
  • Egon Schiele. Lifetime: 1890–1918.
  • Antoni Gaudí i Cornet. Lifetime: 1852–1926.
  • Victor Horta.
  • Louis Comfort Tiffany.

When did Art Nouveau peak?

It reached its peak at the 1900 Paris International Exposition, which introduced the Art Nouveau work of artists such as Louis Tiffany.

Who were some of the major artists of Art Nouveau?

How did Art Nouveau spread?

Posters were the main medium through which Art Nouveau was spread. Czech artist Alphonse Mucha’s images of sultry, glamorous women captured the public imagination. His 1894 poster Gismonda, created for entertainer Sarah Bernhardt, brought him his first huge success.

What is the main inspiration for Art Nouveau?

The natural world was the most important organic inspiration for Art Nouveau. The sensuous lines and organic forms were designed to communicate the tranquillity and calming affects of nature. The drawings were also analytically accurate, reflecting advances in biological knowledge.

When did Art Nouveau posters become popular?

The poster craze of the 1890s, called the Belle Epoque, witnessed the rapid spread of the new art form of the poster to all of Europe and America. Art Nouveau caught on quickly after Alphonse Mucha created his first masterpiece for Sarah Bernhardt in late 1894.

What is Art Nouveau style decor?

Art Nouveau, or “New Art” was the leading international decorative style which began around 1890 and continued until World War I. Known as Jugendstil (“Young Style”) in Germany and Stile Liberty in Italy, Art Nouveau featured an organic, flowing line which took its inspiration from nature.

What is the history of French poster art?

Meantime, French poster art was further enriched by the arrival in Paris of Sergei Diaghilev (1872-1929) and the Ballets Russes, as well as the colourism and imagery of the revolutionary painting movements known as Fauvism (1905-6), and Cubism (1908-12). The poster craze spread rapidly to most of the main cities of Europe.

What is the history of opera posters?

In Italy, posters were initially developed to promote the opera, under the German Art Nouveau artist, Adolfo Hohenstein (1854-1928).