What supergroup are Radiolarians?

The radiolarians and Cercozoa are included within a supergroup called the Rhizaria.

Is Radiolarians zooplankton or phytoplankton?

Radiolarians are zooplankton. They are also protozoans, which are single-celled organisms with a membrane-bound nucleus.

Is radiolarians prokaryotic or eukaryotic?

As protozoans, radiolarians are tiny, single-celled eukaryotes, and as ameboids they move or feed by temporary projections called pseudopods (false feet).

Why is radiolaria a protist?

They are found as zooplankton throughout the global ocean. As zooplankton, radiolarians are primarily heterotrophic, but many have photosynthetic endosymbionts and are, therefore, considered mixotrophs….Radiolaria.

Radiolaria Temporal range:
Phylum: Radiolaria Cavalier-Smith, 1987

Are radiolarians prokaryotic or eukaryotic?

What are radiolarians made of?

The Radiolaria, also called Radiozoa, are protozoa of diameter 0.1–0.2 mm that produce intricate mineral skeletons, typically with a central capsule dividing the cell into the inner and outer portions of endoplasm and ectoplasm. The elaborate mineral skeleton is usually made of silica.

Are radiolarians single-celled?

Algae are photosynthetic, single-celled protists, while the protozoa obtain food by feeding on other organisms or absorbing dissolved organic matter from their environment. Radiolarians are single-celled or colonial protozoa.

Why do radiolarians have so many pores?

In radiolarians, the holes (pores), larger and more irregular than in diatom frustules, allow axopods, retractable pseudopodia or fingerlike projections which catch food, to extrude.

What is the classification of Radiolaria?

The main class of radiolarians are the Polycystinea. They include the vast majority of the fossil radiolaria, as their skeletons are abundant in marine sediments, making them one of the most common groups of microfossils. These skeletons are composed of opaline silica.

Are Radiolaria unicellular Protista?

According to the molecular classification of the late 2010s, Radiolaria are unicellular holoplanktonic Protista included in the infrakingdom of Rhizaria, with opaline silica (SiO 2 nH 2 O) or strontium sulfate (SrSO4) end-skeletons and classed into the phylum Retaria ( Keeling and Burki, 2019 ).

Are Radiolaria holoplanktonic protozoa?

Radiolaria are holoplanktonic protozoa and form part of the zooplankton, they are non-motile (except when flagella-bearing reproductive swarmers are produced) but contain buoyancy enhancing structures; they may be solitary or colonial.

What is radiolarian test made of?

Radiolarian. Usually composed of silica, the test is elaborately perforated in a variety of patterns, forming a series either of latticelike plates or of loose needle-shaped spicules. Pseudopodia extend through the perforated skeleton. A chitinous central capsule encloses the nuclei and divides the cytoplasm into two zones.