What is the agrarian reform in the Philippines during the pre colonial period?

The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program The CARP covered all public and private agricultural lands regardless of the crops planted. It also included public domain lands that were suitable for agriculture. It sought to redistribute land not only to farmers and farm workers but also to other landless poor.

What is agrarian reform in Spanish period?

SPANISH ERA (1521-1896) • The colonial government at this period introduced a pueblo agriculture, a system wherein native rural communities were organized into pueblo and each Christianized native family is given a four to five hectares of land to cultivate.

What is the agrarian reform program and why is it recognized in the Philippines?

The agrarian reform program is founded on the right of farmers and regular farmworkers, who are landless, to own directly or collectively the lands they till or, in the case of other farm workers, to receive a just share of the fruits thereof.

What is the dispute in agrarian during the Spanish times?

Agrarian conflict in tenanted lands Landownership was communal in pre-Hispanic Philippine society. Land was owned by the barangay (village) and individuals had rights to use the land and make it productive. The Spaniards introduced private ownership through the granting of legal titles.

What are the benefits of agrarian reform in the Philippines?

These include higher farm income and yield, improved land tenure, access to market and credit, and reduction of poverty incidence among farmer- beneficiaries.

Why agrarian reform in the Philippines failed?

There are mainly three reasons for the failure. First is that the reform should have a specific political objective to be achieved within a limited period of time. Once done, the implementation of the agrarian reform program should be terminated. In contrast, the Philippines has implemented CARP for more than 30 years.

How the agrarian reform in the Philippines evolve?

Agrarian reform in the Philippines evolved from being merely redistributive land reform to one that is complemented by support services for increased productivity and economic well-being of beneficiaries.

What is the importance of agrarian reform?

The agrarian reform contributed to relieve the unemployment pressure and to increase agricultural production and productivity, although it could not prevent a massive exodus of rural population from the mountains and the most marginal areas.

How important is agrarian reform in the Philippine economy?

Agrarian Reform has contributed to improvement of the socio-economic conditions of landless farmers and political development of the Philippines in terms of engaging the landless in the process of policy making and distribution of large private landholdings to the landless.

What were the problems with the early agrarian policies in the Philippines?

A basic problem of Philippine Society -Because of the agrarian problem, the farmer is poorer. -He cannot afford to pay more taxes and thus, government cannot raise sufficient revenue with which to support its operations. -They flock to cities to try their luck.

What is the history of agrarian reform in the Philippines?

Republic Act No. 6389, (Code of Agrarian Reform) and RA No. 6390 of 1971 — Created the Department of Agrarian Reform and the Agrarian Reform Special Account Fund. It strengthen the position of farmers and expanded the scope of agrarian reform. Presidential Decree No. 2, September 26, 1972 — Declared the country under land reform program.

When did the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law become effective?

On June 10, 1988, former President Corazon C. Aquino signed into law Republic Act No. 6657 or otherwise known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL). The law became effective on June 15, 1988. Subsequently, four Presidential issuances were released in July 1987 after 48 nationwide consultations before the actual law was enacted.

What was the pre-Spanish period in the Philippines?

Pre-Spanish Period. “This land is Ours God gave this land to us”. Before the Spaniards came to the Philippines, Filipinos lived in villages or barangays ruled by chiefs or datus. The datus comprised the nobility. Then came the maharlikas (freemen), followed by the aliping mamamahay (serfs) and aliping saguiguilid (slaves).

When did the period of the new society start in the Philippines?

President Ferdinand E. Marcos (1965-1986) Proclamation No. 1081 on September 21, 1972 ushered the Period of the New Society. Five days after the proclamation of Martial Law, the entire country was proclaimed a land reform area and simultaneously the Agrarian Reform Program was decreed.