What is a dendritic tuft?

Known as: dendrite tuft. The terminal specialization found in some types of dendrites which consists of numerous small terminal branches, giving the dendrite a tufted… Expand.

Are there voltage gated sodium channels in dendrites?

Voltage-gated sodium channels were found throughout GP dendrites and furthermore exhibited a specific clustering at sites of excitatory synaptic inputs.

What are the main types of electrical activity of pyramidal neurons?

Three main classes of pyramidal cells were distinguished according to both their firing patterns in response to depolarizing current pulses and the characteristics of their action potentials: regular spiking (RS, n = 71); intrinsic (inactivating) bursting (IB, n = 8); and non-inactivating bursting (NIB, n = 26) cells.

What is an apical dendrite?

An apical dendrite is a dendrite that emerges from the apex of a pyramidal cell. Apical dendrites are one of two primary categories of dendrites, and they distinguish the pyramidal cells from spiny stellate cells in the cortices.

What is a basal dendrite?

A basal dendrite is a dendrite that emerges from the base of a pyramidal cell that receives information from nearby neurons and passes it to the soma, or cell body.

Do dendrites have chemically gated ion channels?

Dendrites contain voltage-gated ion channels giving them the ability to generate action potentials. Depolarization of the dendritic membrane causes sodium and potassium voltage-gated ion channels to open. The influx of sodium ions causes an increase in voltage.

Do action potentials occur in dendrites?

Action potentials only occur in axons as cell bodies and dendrites do not have voltage-dependent channels.

How many dendrites does a pyramidal neuron have?

Figure 1: A pyramidal neuron in the hippocampus. Provided by Tim Jarsky and Shannon Moore. Pyramidal neurons, also known as pyramidal cells, are neurons with a pyramidal shaped cell body (soma) and two distinct dendritic trees.

What is basal dendrite?

What are the similarities between an axon and a dendrite?

Similarities Between Axon and Dendrite 1 Both axon and dendrite are projections of the cell body of a nerve cell. 2 Both axon and dendrite transmit nerve impulses. 3 Both axon and dendrite are branched structures. 4 Both axon and dendrite contain neurofibrils. More

What is the difference between nodes of Ranvier and dendrite?

The gaps in the myelin sheath are called the nodes of Ranvier. The white matter of the brain and the spinal cord is composed of myelinated axons. A dendrite is a short-branched extension, which carries nerve impulses to the cell body from the synapses.

What is the function of dendrites?

A dendrite is a short-branched extension, which carries nerve impulses to the cell body from the synapses. Many dendrites are extended from a single cell body of a nerve cell. Dendrites are highly branched structures. This highly-branched nature increases the surface area that can receive signals from the synapses.

What is another name for an axon?

Key Terms: Axon, Axon Hillock, Cell Body, Dendrites, Myelin, Myelinated Nerve Fibers, Nerve Cells, Non-Myelinated Nerve Fibers An axon is single, long projection of a nerve cell. Axons carry nerve impulses away from the cell body. The membrane that covers the axon is called the axolemma.