What antibiotic is preferred prophylaxis for a cat bite?
Amoxicillin and clavulanate is first-line therapy for the prophylactic treatment of dog, human, and cat bites (see Medication Summary above). It is also indicated for skin and skin structure infections caused by beta-lactamase–producing strains of Staphylococcus aureus.
Should cat bites be treated with antibiotics?
Antibiotic prophylaxis should be considered, especially if there is a high risk of infection, such as with cat bites, with puncture wounds, with wounds to the hand, and in persons who are immunosuppressed. Amoxicillin/clavulanate is the first-line prophylactic antibiotic.
How much amoxicillin should i take for a cat bite?
Prophylactic antibiotic treatment for bite wounds ranges between 3 and 7 days, depending on the risk of infection and depth of the wound. 3,5 The regimen of choice for treating dog and cat wounds in adults is amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin) 875/125 mg orally twice a day or 500/125 mg orally three times a day.
Does azithromycin treat cat bites?
Based on the bacteriology noted in the study, alternative oral agents for the treatment of infections caused by dog and cat bites are suggested in Table 3….TABLE 3.
|Dog bites||Cat bites|
|• Azithromycin (limited data on efficacy)||• A combination of clindamycin (20 to 40 mg/kg/day divided tid) with a fluoroquinolone†|
How long does it take for a cat bite to heal with antibiotics?
Most wounds will heal within two weeks with appropriate antibiotic usage and care. It is imperative that you administer the cat antibiotics as prescribed by your veterinarian. Your veterinarian will prescribe topical antiseptics to treat the wound at home.
What antibiotic is used for cat scratch?
Generally, cat-scratch disease is not serious. Medical treatment may not be needed. In some cases, treatment with antibiotics such as azithromycin can be helpful. Other antibiotics may be used, including clarithromycin, rifampin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, or ciprofloxacin.
What is Augmentin 875 mg used for?
Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid is a combination penicillin-type antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria. This antibiotic treats only bacterial infections.
What is the difference between amoxicillin and amoxicillin clavulanate?
Augmentin and amoxicillin are both in the penicillin drug class, which is a group of common antibiotics. Augmentin contains amoxicillin, as the primary ingredient, and it also contains clavulanate. Clavulanate can help treat infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
What antibiotics are used to treat cat bites?
Amoxicillin with clavulanate is the current recommendation for antibiotic treatment for cat bites.9In penicillin-allergic patients or those with penicillin-resistant strains, other alternatives are necessary.
What should I do if my cat bite is infected?
Treatment of a cat bite infection typically involves antibiotics. For first aid care, follow the advice above. Then see a doctor as soon as possible. Most physicians will prescribe antibiotics as a precaution, since cat bites can become infected (and the infection can spread) quickly.
What percentage of cat bites lead to infection?
Nearly 40% of cat bites may lead to an infection according to one estimate, which supports the extra attention medical professionals often pay to cat bites. Source: The management of bite wounds in children–a retrospective analysis at a level I trauma centre.
Can you give clindamycin to a cat with a multocida infection?
DISCUSSION. While P. multocida sensitivity is well documented, 8 it is not susceptible to many oral antibiotics routinely administered for skin and soft tissue infections such as cephalexin or clindamycin. Amoxicillin with clavulanate is the current recommendation for antibiotic treatment for cat bites.