Who were the martyrs of the Reformation?

Martyrs executed

  • Thomas Hitton. Martham, Norfolk.
  • Thomas Benet. Exeter, Devon.
  • Thomas Bilney. Taken at Norwich, Norfolk.
  • Richard Bayfield. Taken at Mark Lane, London.
  • John Tewkesbury. St Michael-le-Querne Parish, Paternoster Row, London.
  • ‘An old man’ Buckinghamshire.
  • Davy Foster. Yorkshire.
  • James Bainham. Middle Temple, London.

What is a Reformation martyr?

The Catholic martyrs of the English Reformation are men and women executed under treason legislation in the English Reformation, between 1534 and 1680, and recognised as martyrs by the Catholic Church. This papal bull also required all Catholics to rebel against the English Crown as a matter of faith.

Who were the Protestant martyrs?

The most famous of the bishops to die were the ‘Oxford martyrs’, who suffered in that city: Latimer, Ridley, and Cranmer. Latimer and Ridley were burnt at one fire on 16 October 1555. Their deaths constituted arguably the most famous incident of the Marian persecution.

What was the purpose of the book of martyrs?

The Book of Martyrs, which described the suffering of Protestants under Mary’s rule, reached English readers at a time when they needed guidance and support. The book helped them feel justified in their struggle to remain loyal to what they believed to be the true religion.

What was the Marian persecution?

The Marian Persecutions were carried out against Protestant religious reformers for their faith during the reign of Mary I of England (1553–1558). Protestants in England and Wales were executed under anti-Protestant legislation that punished anyone judged guilty of heresy against the Roman Catholic faith.

Do Protestants have martyrs?

This category lists Christian martyrs who were killed for their Protestant witness or beliefs from the Reformation era to the present day. This category is one of a group that makes a hierarchy of sub-categories according to the main branches of Christianity within historical eras.

How many Catholic martyrs are there?

Liturgical feast day. In England, these martyrs were formerly commemorated within the Catholic Church by a feast day on 25 October, which is also the feast of Saints Crispin and Crispinian, but they are now celebrated together with all the 284 canonized or beatified martyrs of the English Reformation on 4 May.

Do Protestants believe in martyrs?

The politico-religious struggles of the Protestant and Catholic Reformations produced a revival of the creation of martyrs and martyrologies. Those who “correctly” testified for their particular faith were recognized as martyrs; those who did not were categorized as antimartyrs or simply heretics.

Who was the Book of Martyrs dedicated to?

Queen Mary
John Foxe’s survey of Christian martyrs throughout history laid strong emphasis on those who had died for their faith during the reign of Queen Mary (1553-58), and was widely read during the 16th and 17th centuries.

Who wrote the book of martyrs?

John Foxe
Foxe’s Book of Martyrs/Authors

Has 300 Protestants executed?

England’s first female monarch, Mary I (1516-1558) ruled for just five years. But she is most remembered for burning nearly 300 English Protestants at the stake for heresy, which earned her the nickname “Bloody Mary.”