What is exploratory factor analysis with example?

Exploratory factor analysis is a statistical technique that is used to reduce data to a smaller set of summary variables and to explore the underlying theoretical structure of the phenomena. It is used to identify the structure of the relationship between the variable and the respondent.

What can exploratory factor analysis be used for?

Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) is generally used to discover the factor structure of a measure and to examine its internal reliability. EFA is often recommended when researchers have no hypotheses about the nature of the underlying factor structure of their measure.

What do you report exploratory factor analysis?

If all you have are EFA results, not CFA, then I would suggest that you report the percentage of the variance explained by your items for each factor, the number of items for each factor, and the range for the factor loadings for the items in each factor. This can be handled easily in the text.

What is exploratory factor analysis for dummies?

Exploratory Factor Analysis(EFA) is used to find the underlying structure of a large set of variables. It reduces data to a much smaller set of summary variables. EFA is almost identical to Confirmatory Factor Analysis(CFA). Both techniques can (perhaps surprisingly) be used to confirm or explore.

How do you do exploratory factor analysis?

Oblique rotation These rotations may produce solutions similar to orthogonal rotation if the factors do not correlate with each other. Several oblique rotation procedures are commonly used. Direct oblimin rotation is the standard oblique rotation method.

What is a scree plot used for?

A scree plot is a graphical tool used in the selection of the number of relevant components or factors to be considered in a principal components analysis or a factor analysis.

How many participants are needed for exploratory factor analysis?

Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) is generally regarded as a technique for large sample sizes (N), with N = 50 as a reasonable absolute minimum.

Is PCA an exploratory factor analysis?

Exploratory Factor Analysis PCA decomposes a correlation matrix with ones on the diagonals. The amount of variance is equal to the trace of the matrix, the sum of the diagonals, or the number of observed variables in the analysis.

How do scree plots help factor analysis?

In multivariate statistics, a scree plot is a line plot of the eigenvalues of factors or principal components in an analysis. The scree plot is used to determine the number of factors to retain in an exploratory factor analysis (FA) or principal components to keep in a principal component analysis (PCA).

What is exploratory factor analysis (EFA)?

Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) is a classical formal measurement model that is used when both observed and latent variables are assumed to be measured at the interval level.

What is the minimum acceptable sample size for retained factors analysis?

Check that the proportion of the total variance explained by the retained factors is at least 50%. Control the adequacy of the sample size using the KMO statistic and a minimum acceptable score for this test is 0.5 If the sample size is less than 300 check the average commonality of the retained items.

How to analyze the bivariate correlation matrix before carrying out an EFA?

Before carrying out an EFA the values of the bivariate correlation matrix of all items should be analyzed. It is easier to do this in Excel or SPSS. High values are an indication of multicollinearity, although they are not a necessary condition.