What is another name for condyle?
A condyle (/ˈkɒndəl/ or /ˈkɒndaɪl/; Latin: condylus, from Greek: kondylos; κόνδυλος knuckle) is the round prominence at the end of a bone, most often part of a joint – an articulation with another bone….
|Upper surface of right tibia.|
What is a condyle ‘?
Condyle – Refers to a large prominence, which often provides structural support to the overlying hyaline cartilage. It bears the brunt of the force exerted from the joint. Examples include the knee joint (hinge joint), formed by the femoral lateral and medial condyles, and the tibial lateral and medial condyles.
What is a condyle in anatomy?
: an articular prominence of a bone especially : one resembling a pair of knuckles.
Are condyles joints?
A condyloid joint (also called condylar, ellipsoidal, or bicondylar) is an ovoid articular surface, or condyle that is received into an elliptical cavity. This permits movement in two planes, allowing flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, and circumduction.
What is condyle made?
At the lateral extremity of the condyle is a small tubercle for the attachment of the temporomandibular ligament. The articular surface of the condyle is covered by fibrous tissue, and interfaces with an articular disk (or meniscus) of avascular, non-innervated fibrous tissue (collagen, fibroblasts).
Is cartilage a condyle?
The condylar cartilage is a unique and interesting tissue among cartilaginous tissues in the human body.
How many phalanges are in the hand?
Phalanges. The 14 bones that are found in the fingers of each hand and also in the toes of each foot. Each finger has 3 phalanges (the distal, middle, and proximal); the thumb only has 2. Metacarpal bones.
What is medial condyle?
: a condyle on the inner side of the lower extremity of the femur also : a corresponding eminence on the upper part of the tibia that articulates with the medial condyle of the femur — compare lateral condyle.
What’s a femoral condyle?
The femoral condyles are the two rounded prominences at the end of the femur; they are called the medial and the lateral femoral condyle, respectively. The motions of the condyles include rocking, gliding and rotating.
What is the meaning of condyle in medical terms?
Medical Definition of condyle. : an articular prominence of a bone —used chiefly of such as occur in pairs resembling a pair of knuckles (as those of the occipital bone for articulation with the atlas, those at the distal end of the humerus and femur, and those of the lower jaw) — see lateral condyle, medial condyle.
What is the condyle of the mandible?
condylar process, condyloid process, mandibular condyle – the condyle of the ramus of the mandible that articulates with the skull. lateral condyle – a condyle on the outer side of the lower extremity of the femur.
What is a condylar projection?
a rounded projection at the end of a bone that anchors muscle ligaments and articulates with adjacent bones. condylar, adj.
Where are the occipital condyles located?
The occipital condyles are anatomical structures that are located laterally to the foramen magnum of the occipital bone, at the external base of the skull (Kavitha et al. Because this concerned a symmetrical protrusion of the two condyles, only the TMJs of the right side were sectioned.