What is a Hypochlorinator used for?
hypochlorinators (HI-poe-KLOR-uh-nay-tors) Chlorine pumps, chemical feed pumps, or devices used to dispense chlorine solutions made from hypochlorites, such as bleach (sodium hypochlorite) or calcium hypochlorite, into the water being treated.
What are the uses of sodium hypochlorite?
Sodium and calcium hypochlorite are used primarily as bleaching agents or disinfectants. They are components of commercial bleaches, cleaning solutions, and disinfectants for drinking water and waste water purification systems and swimming pools.
What is a chlorinator wastewater?
The chlorination wastewater treatment procedure creates byproducts in treated water. Dechlorination involves removing any chlorine-based byproducts to ensure the water is truly safe. This entire process allows wastewater to remain safe, without putting the community at risk.
What is a chlorinator water treatment?
What is chlorination? Chlorination is the process of adding chlorine to drinking water to kill parasites, bacteria, and viruses. Different processes can be used to achieve safe levels of chlorine in drinking water.
Why sodium hypochlorite is used for sterilization?
It has the advantage that microorganisms cannot build up any resistance to it. Sodium hypochlorite is effective against Legionella bacteria and bio film, in which Legionella bacteria can multiply. Hypochlorous acid is produced by the reaction of sodium hydroxide with chlorine gas.
What is the pH of sodium hypochlorite?
Sodium hypochlorite has a relative density of is 1,1 (5,5% watery solution). As a bleaching agent for domestic use it usually contains 5% sodium hypochlorite (with a pH of around 11, it is irritating).
Is hypochlorite a cation or anion?
Hypochlorite is a chlorine oxoanion, a chlorine oxide and a monovalent inorganic anion. It is a conjugate base of a hypochlorous acid. Hypochlorite is an ion composed of chlorine and oxygen with the chemical formula ClO−.
What is the common name of sodium hypochlorite?
Sodium hypochlorite is a strong oxidizing agent in liquid form and is greenish or yellowish in color. It is commonly referred to as bleach because it is the active ingredient in bleach. Its chemical formula is NaClO, composed of one sodium (Na) atom, one chlorine (Cl) atom and one oxygen (O) atom.
Is hypochlorite hazardous?
exposures may cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), a medical emergency. ► Exposure to Sodium Hypochlorite can cause headache, dizziness, nausea and vomiting.
What is the difference between hypochlorinator and chlorinator?
Hypochlorinators are usually used to perform continuous chlorination in smaller systems. Chlorinators. Chlorinators are devices which introduce chlorine solution to water. Chlorinators are more economical when the supply source is greater than 200 Lpm and may sometimes be used in smaller systems as well.
What is the purpose of electrolychlorination?
Jump to navigation Jump to search. Electrochlorination is the process of producing hypochlorite by running an electric current through salt water. This is used to disinfect water and make it safe for human use, such as for drinking water or swimming pools.
How is continuous chlorination of water supply systems done?
The simplest method of continuous chlorination of water supply systems for a water flow of less than 200 Lpm is by the use of a hypochlorinator. Hypochlorinators are motor driven pumps which are used to add hypochlorite solutions to water. The pump pulls the hypochlorite solution out of a holding chamber and pumps it into the water to be treated.
What is the role of hypochlorite in the immune system?
Role in fighting infections. In response to infection, the human immune system generates minute quantities of hypochlorite. This takes place within special white blood cells, called neutrophil granulocytes, which engulf viruses and bacteria in an intracellular vacuole called the phagosome, where they are digested.