What are water-soluble vitamins and examples?
The water-soluble vitamins include ascorbic acid (vitamin C), thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, and pyridoxamine), folacin, vitamin B12, biotin, and pantothenic acid.
What is the function of water-soluble vitamins?
|Biotin||Part of an enzyme needed for energy metabolism|
|Pyridoxine (vitamin B6)||Part of an enzyme needed for protein metabolism; helps make red blood cells|
|Folic acid||Part of an enzyme needed for making DNA and new cells, especially red blood cells|
Why are vitamins called water-soluble?
Water-soluble vitamins are those that are dissolved in water and readily absorbed into tissues for immediate use. Because they are not stored in the body, they need to be replenished regularly in our diet.
Are water-soluble vitamins good for you?
In the case with both, more is not better. Water-soluble vitamins are easily absorbed by the body, which means you won’t store large amounts of it to help naturally keep your body nutritionally balanced. One of the jobs of the kidneys are to remove any excess water-soluble vitamins that aren’t needed.
Are all B vitamins water soluble?
The majority of vitamins are water-soluble (1): Vitamin B1 (thiamine), Vitamin B2 (riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (niacin), Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), Vitamin B6, Vitamin B7 (biotin), Vitamin B9 (folate), Vitamin B12 (cobalamin), and Vitamin C.
What are the sources of water soluble vitamins?
- Water soluble:
- B-1: ham, soymilk, watermelon, acorn squash.
- B-2: milk, yogurt, cheese, whole and enriched grains and cereals.
- B-3: meat, poultry, fish, fortified and whole grains, mushrooms, potatoes.
- B-5: chicken, whole grains, broccoli, avocados, mushrooms.
What is the importance of water soluble vitamins in human metabolism?
All water-soluble vitamins play a different kind of role in energy metabolism; they are required as functional parts of enzymes involved in energy release and storage. Vitamins and minerals that make up part of enzymes are referred to as coenzymes and cofactors, respectively.
Where are water soluble vitamins absorbed?
Water soluble vitamins of dietary origin are absorbed predominantly in the small intestine, whereas those synthesized by microbes in the large intestine are absorbed there.
What’s the difference between fat and water soluble vitamins?
Vitamins can be classified based on their solubility. Most are water-soluble, meaning they dissolve in water. In contrast, the fat-soluble vitamins are similar to oil and do not dissolve in water.