## How does hemoglobin relate to equilibrium?

At high partial pressures of oxygen, the hemoglobin binds to oxygen to form oxygenated hemoglobin. Meaning in our equation the equilibrium shifts to the right because an increase in the reactant, oxygen causes the system to counter by shifting to the products side, Oxygenate hemoglobin to establish a harmony.

## What is the role of Le Chatelier’s principle in the equilibrium between oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin?

In the lungs where there is a high concentration of oxygen, by Le Chatelier’s principle the equilibrium position shifts to the right resulting in the formation of oxyhaemoglobin (oxyhemoglobin). In tissues the concentration of oxygen is lower, so the equilibrium position shifts to the left, by Le Chatelier’s principle.

What is the chemical equation for hemoglobin?

The molecular formula of haemoglobin is \[{C_{2952}}{H_{4664}}{N_{812}}{O_{832}}{S_8}F{e_4}\]. Additional information: The common types of normal haemoglobin are Haemoglobin \[A\], Haemoglobin \[F\], Haemoglobin \[A2\]. Haemoglobin \[A\] is found normally in adults.

### What is the reversible word equation for the reaction between haemoglobin and oxygen?

4O2 + H+ HHb+ + 4O2 (Hb. 4O2 is sometimes written HbO8.) It is this reversible reaction that accounts for the Bohr effect. Carbon dioxide is a waste product of respiration and its concentration is high in the respiring cell and so it is here that haemoglobin releases oxygen.

### How do you calculate the oxygen carrying capacity of hemoglobin?

The oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is calculated as the concentration of hemoglobin (in g / dL blood) times 1.34 mL O2 / g Hb. In a healthy person, with a hemoglobin concentration of 15 g / dL blood, the oxygen carrying capacity is 20.1 mL O2 / dL blood.

How does the body maintain the equilibrium between oxygen and hemoglobin at high altitudes?

Individuals who are both born and raised in high altitudes will have their bodies re-establish equilibrium shift by producing more hemoglobin, which allows for more oxygen to be bound to the heme protein and thus cause an equilibrium shift to the right.

## What is acidosis and how is this affected by Le Châtelier’s principle?

If the amounts of H+ and CO2 exceed the capacity of hemoglobin, they affect the carbonic acid equilibrium (Equation 10), as predicted by Le Châtelier’s Principle or the quantitative treatment in terms of equilibrium constants. As a result, the pH of the blood is lowered, causing acidosis.

## What is the liquid part of the blood called?

plasma
Your blood is made up of liquid and solids. The liquid part, called plasma, is made of water, salts, and protein. Over half of your blood is plasma. The solid part of your blood contains red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

What is the chemical equation for blood?

There is no formula for blood, as it is a chemical mixture and not a chemical compound. It is made up of hemoglobin and plasma.

### What is the structure of hemehemoglobin?

Hemoglobin is an oligomeric, allosteric, and conjugated protein that consists of four polypeptide chains joined by non-covalent bonds and a heme prosthetic group. Hb forms 96% dry weight of erythrocytes and 35% of total content.

### What is the role of hemoglobin in aerobic respiration?

The oxygen released from hemoglobin is then used for aerobic respiration to generate energy. Hemoglobin is an oligomeric, allosteric, and conjugated protein that consists of four polypeptide chains joined by non-covalent bonds and a heme prosthetic group.

How is the pH of the blood kept relatively constant?

way that the pH of the blood is kept relatively constant is by buffers dissolved in the blood. Other organs help enhance the homeostatic function of the buffers. For example, the kidneys remove H+ ions and other components of the pH