How do you stabilize a flail segment?

All patients are immediately placed on 100% oxygen using a facemask. Doctors might intubate or insert a chest tube as part of critical care. Stabilization treatment options include: Mechanical ventilation to achieve chest cavity stabilization is the standard treatment for patients with both flail chest and lung damage.

Which intervention is preferred for extreme cases of flail chest?

In severe cases, mechanical ventilation is used to help keep the chest cavity stable. Surgery is needed in some cases, such as where the lungs are punctured.

What does blunt force trauma to the chest mean?

Blunt chest trauma is usually caused by motor vehicle accident, falling from height, blunt instrument injury and physical assault. As a result of chest trauma, many injuries may occur, such as pulmonary injuries, and these require urgent intervention.

How do you control a flail chest?

Isolated flail chest may be successfully managed with aggressive pulmonary toilet including facemask oxygen, CPAP, and chest physiotherapy. Adequate analgesia is of paramount importance in patient recovery and may contribute to the return of normal respiratory mechanics.

How do you manage flail chest?

What is flail segment?

Flail chest or flail thoracic segment occurs when three or more contiguous ribs are fractured in two or more places. Clinically, a segment of only one or two ribs can act as a flail segment, hence there is some controversy between the clinical and radiological definitions.

What type of injury is likely to produce a flail segment?

Diagnosis and Etiology Production of a flail segment of chest wall requires multiple rib fractures, specifically double fractures of three or more contiguous ribs or combined sternal and rib fractures, to uncouple the segment from the surrounding chest wall.

What is flail chest?

Flail chest — defined as two or more contiguous rib fractures with two or more breaks per rib — is one of the most serious of these injuries and is often associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. It occurs when a portion of the chest wall is destabilized, usually from severe blunt force trauma.

What is a flail segment?

Flail chest is a particular kind of rib fracture that is defined as three (or more) ribs that are broken in two (or more) places. This means that your ribs have a segment that is not connected to the other bones around them.

How do you treat a flail segment EMT?

Patients with a flail chest and respiratory distress will likely require PPV with a bag-valve mask, and those with respiratory failure may require endotracheal intubation. PPV will serve to splint the flail segment internally and increase tidal volume, reversing developing hypoxia.

What causes the flail segment to move outwards?

On inspiration the flail segment will move inwards whilst the rest of the chest expands and on expiration the flail segment will move outwards whilst the rest of the chest contracts. If the patient is mechanically ventilated or on Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (BiPAP) it may be difficult to diagnose and may only become obvious after extubation.

Why is the flail segment paradoxical to the rest of chest?

The motion of the flail segment is paradoxical to the rest of the chest. It is paradoxical because the flail segment moves inward while the rest of the chest wall moves outward.

How do I treat a flail segment injury?

Use a pillow to put pressure on the flail segment. Holding the flail segment in place keeps it from moving in the opposite direction of the surrounding muscle and bone. Stabilizing the area will reduce the chances of damage to the heart, lungs, and surrounding tissues. If a pillow is not available, almost anything soft will do.

Is a flail chest considered a clinical diagnosis?

It is considered a clinical diagnosis as everybody with this fracture pattern does not develop a flail chest. A flail chest arises when these injuries cause a segment of the chest wall to move independently of the rest of the chest wall. A flail chest can create a significant disturbance to respiratory physiology.