## Why the IV graph for a filament bulb is a curve?

Non-linear circuit elements include fixed resistors that become hot, and filament bulbs which become hot and glow. The shape of the I-V graph changes as the temperature of the component increases. More collisions occur between the free electrons and atoms, increasing the resistance.

What filament is used for lamps?

Tungsten is the most preferred for incandescent lamps due to its high melting point (above 3650 K), and it can be operated at high temperature inside a bulb containing air under reduced pressure, or an inert gas in order to avoid quick oxidation of the filament.

Why voltage vs current diagram for incandescent lamp is not linear?

It’s going to be nonlinear. Because the tungsten filament has a large temperature coefficient; that means it increases resistance as the filament heats up. At room temperature, with a low voltage ohmeter it will measure ten ohms, maybe less.

### How does the resistance of a filament lamp change as the current through it increases?

The resistance of a filament lamp increases as the potential difference increases because the filament becomes hot. The movement of electrons (which is what causes the current) makes the atoms inside the filament vibrate faster and this makes the filament heat up.

Why is a filament lamp curved?

A Filament Lamp Here the graph curves because as the filament heats it’s resistance goes up (the resistance of the filament is changing).

What is the temperature of filament lamp?

Temperature of an Incandescent Light Bulb

Bibliographic Entry Result (w/surrounding text)
“Incandescent Lamp.” Encarta. Microsoft, 1998. “When electric current flows through the filament, it heats the filament to a temperature of about 3000 °C (about 5000 °F), causing the filament to glow and provide light.”

#### Is filament lamp linear?

the light bulb does behave like a linear element when the current flowing through it is not sustained (the filament does not have time to heat up enough to affect conductivity).

What are the characteristics of a filament lamp?

A filament lamp is a common type of light bulb. It contains a thin coil of wire called the filament. This heats up when an electric current passes through it, and produces light as a result. The resistance of a lamp increases as the temperature of its filament increases.

How does a filament light bulb work?

In an incandescent type of bulb, an electric current is passed through a thin metal filament, heating the filament until it glows and produces light. Without this glass covering and the vacuum it helps create, the filament would overheat and oxidize in a matter or moments.

## Why does the bulb of the filament lamp gradually darken over time?

Over time, the filament slowly boils off energetic atoms of tungsten. When they reach the cold glass envelope, they condense just like dew forming on a cold car window. Since the glass is getting coated with a metallic layer, the glass becomes darkened.

What is the I/V graph of a filament lamp?

I/V Graph of Filament Lamp (You Are Here!) From the I/V graph, the ratio V/I increases as current increases. Resistance of the filament lamp increase with temperature. Reason: As the potential difference across a filament lamp increases, the current increases and the energy dissipated, as heat, increases, resulting in a higher temperature.

What is the filament of a light bulb?

A filament lamp is a common type of light bulb. It contains a thin coil of wire called the filament. This heats up when an electric current passes through it, and produces light as a result. The resistance of a lamp increases as the temperature of its filament increases.

### How is current related to voltage in a filament lamp?

In the I-V graph of filament lamp for a small voltage, the current is proportional to it. That is plotted by the straight-line portion of the graph through the origin. At higher voltages, a larger current is driven through the lamp filament wire and the wire gets heated up due to the high current flow.

What are the V-I characteristics of thermistor and filament bulb?

Both Thermistor and filament bulb are non-ohmic in nature. So this post is also coverage on the V-I characteristics of non-ohmic conductors. In a nutshell, thermistors and filament bulbs behave differently when the temperature is high and that makes all the difference in their I-V graph or I-V characteristics of these two non-ohmic conductors.