What minerals make up albite?

It is used in the manufacture of glass and ceramics, but its primary geologic importance is as a rock-forming mineral. Albite constitutes the sodium end-member of the plagioclase feldspar solid solution series and alkali feldspar series (see plagioclase; alkali feldspar).

Which type of rock is albite?

felsic rocks
Its color is usually pure white, hence its name from Latin, albus. It is a common constituent in felsic rocks….

Category plagioclase, feldspar, tectosilicate
Formula (repeating unit) NaAlSi 3O 8 or Na 1.0–0.9Ca 0.0–0.1Al 1.0–1.1Si 3.0–2.9O 8
Strunz classification 9.FA.35
Crystal system Triclinic

What rocks are feldspars?

Feldspars crystallize from magma as both intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks and are also present in many types of metamorphic rock. Rock formed almost entirely of calcic plagioclase feldspar is known as anorthosite. Feldspars are also found in many types of sedimentary rocks.

What kind of mineral is orthoclase?

alkali feldspar mineral
orthoclase, common alkali feldspar mineral, a potassium aluminosilicate (KAlSi3O8); it usually occurs as variously coloured, frequently twinned crystals in granite. Orthoclase is used in the manufacture of glass and ceramics; occasionally, transparent crystals are cut as gems.

What is the mineral content of diorite?

plagioclase feldspar
diorite, medium- to coarse-grained intrusive igneous rock that commonly is composed of about two-thirds plagioclase feldspar and one-third dark-coloured minerals, such as hornblende or biotite.

Is albite a silicate mineral?

ALBITE (Sodium Aluminum Silicate)

Where is albite most commonly found?

Major occurrences of albite can be found in Labrador, Canada, and the Scandinavian Peninsula. Albite is used for ornamental stone, as a component of ceramic clays, and for mineral specimens.

What are feldspars used for?

The term feldspar encompasses a whole range of materials. Most of the products we use on a daily basis are made with feldspar: glass for drinking, glass for protection, fiberglass for insulation, the floor tiles and shower basins in our bathrooms, and the tableware from which we eat.

How are feldspars formed?

Feldspar is the name of a group of rock-forming minerals which make up as much as 60% of the Earth’s crust. Feldspars crystallize from magma in both intrusive and extrusive rocks, and they can also occur as compact minerals, as veins, and are also present in many types of metamorphic rock.

Is orthoclase a silicate mineral?

The gem known as moonstone (see below) is largely composed of orthoclase….

Category Silicate mineral
Formula (repeating unit) KAlSi3O8
Strunz classification 9.FA.30
Crystal system Monoclinic

How do you identify orthoclase in the field?

Optical properties and x-ray techniques are the only sure ways to distinguish orthoclase from sanidine, microcline and anorthoclase. Orthoclase forms at intermediate temperatures between the stability fields of sanidine and microcline. At 400 degrees C or less, microcline is the stable structure for KAlSi3O8.

What type of mineral composition is peridotite?


Type Igneous Rock
Chemical Composition Ultramafic
Color Medium Green
Mineral Composition Olivine
Miscellaneous Also called “Dunite”

What is the classification of albite?

The Mineral albite. Albite belongs to the Plagioclase Feldspar group, an isomorphous solid solution series. Albite is one end member, containing sodium and no calcium. The other end member, Anorthite, contains calcium and no sodium. The intermediary members are Oligoclase, Andesine, Labradorite, and Bytownite.

What is the percentage of potassium in albite?

Albite can contain up to ten percent potassium replacing the sodium. If more than ten percent replaces the sodium, the mineral is no longer Albite, but Anorthoclase. Albite is a very common mineral, and is an important rock-forming mineral.

What does an albite crystal look like?

Comments: Colorless, lustrous blocky albite crystals to 3 cm in size with a thick dusting of micaceous green micro chlorite. Location: Acushnet Quarry, Bristol Co., Massachussetts, USA. Scale: 17 x 15 x 7.5 cm matrix. Comments: Crystal group of bladed albite (variety cleavelandite) crystals. Location: Taquaral, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

What is andesine albite?

Andesine is a variety of Albite composed of 50-70% Albite and 30-50% Anorthite. It is of a late a fine red gem but can be yellow and green, obviously this specimen is not a gem. Associated with this Andesite are black crystal plates of ilmenite. Click thumbnail images for larger view.