What is the commonest disease involving mitral valves?

Rheumatic heart disease most commonly affects the mitral valve (which has only two leaflets; Figure 2) or the aortic valve, but any valve can be affected, and more than one can be involved.

Is mitral valve a heart condition?

Mitral valve stenosis, shown in the heart on the right, is a condition in which the heart’s mitral valve is narrowed. The valve doesn’t open properly, blocking blood flow coming into the left ventricle, the main pumping chamber of the heart. A typical heart is shown on the left.

Is MVP a serious heart condition?

In most people, mitral valve prolapse isn’t life-threatening and doesn’t require treatment or changes in lifestyle. Some people with mitral valve prolapse, however, require treatment.

Are mitral valve problems serious?

If left untreated, mitral valve disease can lead to serious, life-threatening complications such as heart failure or irregular heartbeats, called arrhythmias. To help you take good care of your heart, we’ll send you guidance on managing high blood pressure, cholesterol, nutrition, and more.

What are symptoms of mitral valve disorders?

Symptoms of Mitral Valve Prolapse

  • Fluttering or rapid heartbeat called palpitations.
  • Shortness of breath, especially with exercise.
  • Dizziness.
  • Passing out or fainting , known as syncope.
  • Panic and anxiety.
  • Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet.

Is exercise good for mitral valve stenosis?

Aerobic exercise strengthens the heart and makes it more efficient and is generally recommended for those with MVP. Aerobic exercise including walking, jogging, swimming, or cycling, at a moderate pace for 30 minutes at a time is the safest way to begin exercise.

What is the best medicine for mitral valve disease?

The commonly prescribed medicines in mitral valve disease are ACE inhibitors, antiarrhythmic medicines, antibiotics, beta blockers, diuretics, and vasodilators. Vasodilators help in relaxing the blood vessel, reducing high blood pressure and preventing the flow of blood in the backward direction from leaky valves and prevents the heart failure.

How does rheumatic fever damage mitral valve?

Per the Cleveland Clinic, scarring can narrow the valve – most commonly the mitral valve – and make it harder for the valve to open or close properly. Mitral Stenosis causing your heart to work harder to pump blood normally. This valve damage can lead to RHD. Rheumatic Heart Disease is permanent damage to the heart caused by Rheumatic Fever.

Can mitral valve heal itself?

A prolapsing mitral valve cannot cure naturally, and a leaking bicuspid heart valve cannot heal itself if you have the affliction. In mitral valve prolapse, irregular mitral valve leaflets prolapse and do not shut properly.

How dangerous is mitral valve replacement surgery?

Mitral valve surgery is not dangerous in every case. It may carry certain risks that may harm your health and needs to be sorted out soon. If this surgery leads to formation of blood clots that may block heart or brain blood vessels, then it may lead to heart attack or stroke and then cardiac or brain failure resulting in death.