What is stall in centrifugal chiller?

Re: the meaning term of surging and stall in centrifugal compressor. stall is the beginning of surge no flow or limited flow. surge is the reversal of flow in the comp. causes are high condenser pressures or low load.

What causes surging in a centrifugal chiller?

Surge can be attributed to maintenance issues including fouled tubes, low refrigerant charge, or non-condensables in the refrigerant. It can also be caused by poor control of water flow rates and condenser water temperatures.

What causes low evaporator pressure on a chiller?

Low evaporator pressure: Low evaporator pressure is caused by the compressor being starved of refrigerant. The compressor is trying to draw refrigerant into its cylinders, but there isn’t enough refrigerant to satisfy it. The entire low side of the system will experience low pressure.

How does a low pressure chiller work?

A chiller works on the principle of vapor compression or vapor absorption. As the heat-transfer takes place, the refrigerant evaporates, changing from a low-pressure liquid into vapor, while the temperature of the process coolant reduces. The refrigerant then flows to a compressor, which performs multiple functions.

What is stalling in centrifugal compressor?

It is a situation of separation of air flow at the Airfoil blades of the compressor. This phenomenon depending upon the blade-profile leads to reduced compression and drop in engine power. Positive stalling. Flow s. Stalling is an important phenomenon that affects the performance of the compressor.

What is chiller stall?

A compressor stall is a local disruption of the airflow in the compressor of a gas turbine or turbocharger. Modern compressors are carefully designed and controlled to avoid or limit stall within an engine’s operating range.

How do I stop my chiller from surging?

Since low condenser water flow or undersized cooling towers lead to increased lift, proper cooling tower selec- tion and condenser water flow can help avoid surge.

What is surging and stalling?

This condition is called stall. It is a local phenomenon. Surging is the complete breakdown of steady through flow, affecting the whole machine, in other words, when stalling takes place on all the blades simultaneously. This leads to choking of the flow. Sometimes even reversal of the flow may take place.

What happens if refrigerant pressure is too low?

The compressor will start to suffer damage if there is too little refrigerant in the system, since it is designed to compress a specific amount of the chemical. The compressor might break, which will stop the AC from working at all.

What can cause low suction pressure?

Many reasons can cause low refrigerant suction pressure, i.e.: low indoor temperature, dirty filters, restricted ducts, undersized ducts, closed dampers, frosted coils, restricted refrigerant line, restricted piston, incorrect piston, restricted strainer, bad indoor blower motor ect.

How do centrifugal chillers work?

A centrifugal chiller uses the vapor compression cycle to chill water. It throws off the heat collected from the chilled water plus the heat from the compressor to a water loop. The water loop is cooled by a cooling tower. Centrifugal chillers provide high cooling capacity with a small footprint.

What temperature should a chiller be?

Generally, temperatures of between 45 and 50 degrees are suitable for cooling equipment. Pharmaceutical uses include use of chilled water in manufacturing and cool storage. Usually, 35 to 46 degrees is the recommended temperature for refrigeration during transport and storage of most cold-chain medications.

Who is responsible for the design of a centrifugal cooler?

The system engineer is responsible for system design and performance. There are over 80,000 centrifugal chillers in operation in North America. They are usually the most economical means to cool large buildings. Most design engineers will sooner or later use centrifugal chillers to meet their design needs.

Do chiller motors produce heat in the mechanical room?

Open drive motors reject their winding heat in to the mechanical room. Since chiller motors are typically over 95% efficient, a little less than 5% of the motor power rating ends up as heat in the mechanical room. The vertical aspect of the curve shows the rise in refrigerant pressure (and temperature) from 2 to 3.

What is log mean temperature difference (LMTD) in a chiller?

These are parameters that the chiller manufacturer controls in the design of the chiller. Decisions made by the chiller manufacturer or the design engineer can affect the Log Mean Temperature Difference (LMTD). Changing the saturated suction temperature or the saturated condensing temperature will change θ1 and θ2.

What is the temperature change in the condenser of a high efficiency chiller?

Using the above equation and the ARI design conditions, the temperature change in the condenser for modern high efficiency chillers is found to be 9.4 o F at 3 gpm/ton. The water temperature leaving the evaporator is then 94.4 o F.