What is shire reeve mean?
Definition of shire-reeve : a sheriff in England before the Norman Conquest.
What was the role of the shire reeve?
The title of Sheriff, or “Shire Reeve”, evolved during the Anglo-Saxon period of English history; the Reeve was the representative of the King in a city, town or shire, responsible for collecting taxes and enforcing the law.
What is shire law?
SHIRE, Eng. law. A district or division of country.
Is a reeve a sheriff?
A local official in Anglo-Saxon and post-Conquest England. The most important were shire reeves (sheriffs) who administered royal justice and collected royal revenues within their shire.
Who replaced the shire reeve?
the office of the justice of peace
In 1326, the shire reeve was replaced with the office of the justice of peace.
Who appointed the shire Reeves?
He was usually himself a peasant, and was chosen once a year, generally at Michaelmas. In some manors the reeve was appointed by the lord of the manor, but in others he was elected by the peasants, subject or not to a right of veto by the lord.
What is Frankpledge system during Middle Ages?
frankpledge, system in medieval England under which all but the greatest men and their households were bound together by mutual responsibility to keep the peace.
What does reeve mean in history?
1 : a local administrative agent of an Anglo-Saxon king. 2 : a medieval English manor officer responsible chiefly for overseeing the discharge of feudal obligations.
What were shires and hundreds in Anglo-Saxon England?
shire, in Great Britain, a county. The Anglo-Saxon shire (Old English scir) was an administrative division next above the hundred and seems to have existed in the south in the time of Alfred the Great (871–899) and to have been fully established by the reign of Edgar (959–975).
What were hundreds in Anglo-Saxon England?
A hundred was the division of a shire for administrative, military and judicial purposes under the common law. Originally, when introduced by the Saxons between 613 and 1017, a hundred had enough land to sustain approximately one hundred households headed by a hundred-man or hundred eolder.
Who was in charge of a shire?
The shire in early days was governed by an ealdorman and in the later Anglo-Saxon period by a royal official known as a “shire reeve” or sheriff.
Was a reeve a peasant?
He was usually himself a peasant, and was chosen once a year, generally at Michaelmas. In some manors the reeve was appointed by the lord of the manor, but in others he was elected by the peasants, subject or not to a right of veto by the lord. By the 14th century the reeve was often a permanent officer of the manor.