What is meningococcal group C?

Meningococcal group C (Men C) Page 1. Meningococcal disease is a life-threatening infection. It is a term used to describe two major illnesses – meningitis (inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain) and septicaemia (blood poisoning). These can occur on their own or more commonly both together.

What are serogroups A C W and Y?

Invasive meningococcal disease is a serious infection that occurs worldwide. It is caused by Neisseria meningitidis, of which six serogroups (A, B, C, W-135, X, and Y) are responsible for most infections. The case fatality rate of meningococcal disease remains high and can lead to significant sequelae.

What kingdom is Neisseria meningitidis?

kingdom bacteria
Meningitidis is a member of the kingdom bacteria because it is unicellular and small as most bacteria are. This kingdom encompasses a wide variety of organisms. Some of these organisms are pathogenic in humans like N. Meningitidis.

What biosafety level is Neisseria meningitidis?

Biosafety Level 2 (BSL-2) practices are required for work involving isolates of N. meningitidis, as this organism presents a potential hazard to laboratory personnel and the surrounding working environment.

What causes meningitis C?

Bacteria and viruses are the two main causes of meningitis. The bacterium Neisseria meningitidis, also called meningococcus, causes meningococcal meningitis. In children and teens, meningococcus is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis. In adults, it is the second most common cause.

What is Mpsv AC vaccine?

MPSV4 is the only vaccine licensed for use in people over 55 as well as people 2 to 55. Both vaccines protect against four types of meningococcal disease. In 2015, two serogroup B vaccines were given approval and protect against the other two forms of meningococcal disease.

What is mcv4p?

Meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4) is the preferred vaccine for those aged 2 to 55. Meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MPSV4) may be used if MCV4 is not available; it is also licensed for people older than 55.

Is Neisseria meningitidis intracellular or extracellular?

To cause meningitis the extracellular pathogen Neisseria meningitidis has to traverse the blood-cerebrospinal fluid (B-CSF) barrier. Postulating a transcellular passage, meningococci (MC) have been shown to adhere to and enter B-CSF barrier forming human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMEC).

What domain is Neisseria meningitidis?


Is Neisseria meningitidis aerobic or anaerobic?

The human pathogen Neisseria meningitidis is the major causative agent of bacterial meningitis. The organism is usually treated as a strict aerobe and is cultured under fully aerobic conditions in the laboratory.

How is meningitis C spread?

People spread meningococcal bacteria to other people by sharing respiratory and throat secretions (saliva or spit). Generally, it takes close (for example, coughing or kissing) or lengthy contact to spread these bacteria. Fortunately, they are not as contagious as germs that cause the common cold or the flu.