How does water and sanitation affect health?
Water and health. Contaminated water and poor sanitation are linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid, and polio. Absent, inadequate, or inappropriately managed water and sanitation services expose individuals to preventable health risks.
How does sanitation affect public health?
Poor sanitation is linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid and polio and exacerbates stunting. Poor sanitation reduces human well-being, social and economic development due to impacts such as anxiety, risk of sexual assault, and lost educational opportunities.
What is meaning of water supply and sanitation?
Water supply in the context of this chapter includes the supply of water for domestic purposes, excluding provision for irrigation or livestock. Sanitation is used here in the narrow sense of excreta disposal, excluding other environmental health interventions such as solid waste management and surface water drainage.
How does water and sanitation affect the community?
HEALTH. (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) infrastructure and hygiene awareness are affected by waterborne diseases and overburden health centres. Without WASH infrastructure and hygiene awareness, diarrhoea leads to poor nutrient absorption, immune reduction and malnutrition..
Why improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases?
Cholera, malaria, jaundice, typhoid, diarrhea, dysentery, and other diseases can all be transmitted by polluted water. Such diseases can be avoided by ensuring that everyone has access to clean, healthy water.
Why is water treatment important for human health?
Water treatment removes contaminants and undesirable components, or reduces their concentration so that the water becomes fit for its desired end-use. This treatment is crucial to human health and allows humans to benefit from both drinking and irrigation use.
What is sanitation in public health?
Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage. Sanitation systems aim to protect human health by providing a clean environment that will stop the transmission of disease, especially through the fecal–oral route.
How are water and sanitation related?
Safe drinking-water, sanitation and hygiene are crucial to human health and well-being. Drinking unsafe water impairs health through illnesses such as diarrhoea, and untreated excreta contaminates groundwaters and surface waters used for drinking-water, irrigation, bathing and household purposes.
What is the purpose of water supply?
A water supply system delivers water from sources to customers, and provides services vital to the function of an industrialized society and important to emergency response and recovery after disastrous events (e.g., earthquakes).
What is the role of supplying clean drinking water to a community for its healthcare?
Having clean water and sanitation means being able to avoid exposure to countless diseases. Every year, millions of people die from diseases caused by inadequate water supply, sanitation, and hygiene.
What are the problems of water supply?
The pressures exerted by supply and demand side factors on water resource have caused several environmental problems in drinking water supply, categorized as: (1) inadequate quantity of drinking water supply, a problem of scarcity and governance; (2) scarcity of drinking water in summer months, a problem of natural …