Which countries have STV?

Places using STV

Australia Federal (country-wide)
New Zealand
United Kingdom Northern Ireland

Does Ireland use first past the post?

Background. Proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote had been used in Irish elections since the 1920 local elections. The amendment proposed to alter the electoral system for elections to Dáil Éireann to first-past-the-post (FPTP) under single-seat constituencies.

What is the difference between the MMP and FFP system?

Mixed-member proportional (MMP), as seen in New Zealand from 1996 onward, is a proportional system wherein each voter has two votes. One of these is for the candidate in their electorate and one is for the overall political party. Under FPP the power is concentrated with the leader of the winning party.

How do you transfer votes from one candidate to another?

Transfer votes from one candidate to other candidates: If a candidate has surplus votes (votes in excess of the winning threshold), then transfer surplus votes to their next choices. Otherwise, eliminate the last place candidate and transfer those votes to their next choices.

What is the fractional transfer STV method for transferring surplus votes?

The fractional transfer STV method is a generalization of the Scottish STV rules, and you can use the options to customize your counting rules (but note that these options are available only for counts and not for elections and polls). Except for Cambridge STV, all of the STV counting rules above use fractional votes for transferring surplus votes.

How does STV reduce the number of wasted votes?

Because votes cast for losing candidates and surplus votes cast for winning candidates are transferred to voters’ next choice candidates, STV minimizes wasted votes . STV systems primarily differ in how they transfer votes and in the size of the quota.

What is the electoral system in USA?

Electoral systems. Politics portal. The single transferable vote (STV) is a voting system designed to achieve proportional representation through ranked voting in multi-seat organizations or constituencies (voting districts). Under STV, an elector (voter) has a single vote that is initially allocated to their most preferred candidate.