What is the pathophysiology for cellulitis?

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY. As the offending organism invades the compromised area, it overwhelms the defensive cells (neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, and mast cells) that normally contain and localize inflammation and cellular debris accumulates. As cellulitis progresses, the organism invades tissue around the initial wound …

What causes cellulitis of the leg?

What causes cellulitis. Cellulitis is usually caused by a bacterial infection. The bacteria can infect the deeper layers of your skin if it’s broken, for example, because of an insect bite or cut, or if it’s cracked and dry. Sometimes the break in the skin is too small to notice.

How does cellulitis cause inflammation?

Cellulitis usually begins as a small area of pain and redness on the skin. This area spreads to surrounding tissues, resulting in the typical signs of inflammation — redness, swelling, warmth, and pain. A person with cellulitis can also develop fever and/or swollen lymph nodes in the area of the infection.

What are the stages of cellulitis?

Cellulitis Healing Stages

  • Reduced pain.
  • Less firmness around the infection.
  • Decreased swelling.
  • Diminished redness.

How is cellulitis transmitted?

Cellulitis isn’t usually spread from person to person. Cellulitis is an infection of the deeper layers of the skin most commonly caused by bacteria that normally live on the skin’s surface. You have an increased risk of developing cellulitis if you: Have an injury, such as a cut, fracture, burn or scrape.

Can cellulitis spread to both legs?

All About Immunity and the Immune System For instance, because cellulitis starts as a local infection, it usually affects only one side of the body. “One really good way to determine if someone may or may not have cellulitis is that if the problem is in both legs, it is unlikely to be cellulitis,” says Kaminska.