What is double diffusion technique?

Ouchterlony double immunodiffusion (also known as passive double immunodiffusion) is an immunological technique used in the detection, identification and quantification of antibodies and antigens, such as immunoglobulins and extractable nuclear antigens.

What is the Ouchterlony technique?

Ouchterlony Double Immunodiffusion principle. The Oucherlony method is one method where a titer (concentration) of an antibody can be measured and seen. A gel is made up and the antigen and antibody diffuse across the gel towards each other.

What is immunoelectrophoresis used for?

The immunoelectrophoresis-serum test (IEP-serum) is a blood test used to measure the types of Ig present in your blood, especially IgM, IgG, and IgA. The IEP-serum test is also known by the following names: immunoglobulin electrophoresis-serum test.

Why is ouchterlony called double diffusion?

In the Ouchterlony double diffusion, both the antigen and the antibody diffuse toward each other in a semisolid medium to a point till their optimum concentration is reached. A band of precipitation occurs at this point.

What is the purpose of the Ouchterlony test?

The Ouchterlony immunodiffusion assay, developed by the Swedish physician Örjan Ouchterlony, is used for the detection of antigens and antibodies and determination of homologies between antigens (1, 2).

What is rocket electrophoresis?

Rocket electrophoresis (also referred to as electroimmunoassay or electroimmunodiffusion) is a simple, quick, and reproducible method for determining the concentration of a specific protein in a protein mixture.

What is immunoelectrophoresis technique?

Immunoelectrophoresis refers to precipitation in agar under an electric field. It is a process of a combination of immuno-diffusion and electrophoresis. An antigen mixture is first separated into its component parts by electrophoresis and then tested by double immuno-diffusion.

What does diffusion use to help?

Sometimes, proteins are used to help move molecules more quickly. It is a process called facilitated diffusion. It could be as simple as bringing in a glucose molecule. Since the cell membrane will not allow glucose to cross by diffusion, helpers are needed.

What is dispersion method?

Dispersion method. is the dispersion of the number of solutions of equation . If the summation in is extended over all , all additional conditions imposed on in are dropped. At the same time the value of the dispersion can only increase; accordingly, The sums , and can be computed asymptotically in certain cases.

What is the function of diffusion?

Diffusion is an essential function in living organisms. Diffusion is the random but directional movement of molecules from a place of high concentration to a place of low concentration.

What is the use of diffusion?

Diffusion is the tendency of molecules to spread out in order to occupy an available space. Gasses and molecules in a liquid have a tendency to diffuse from a more concentrated environment to a less concentrated environment.