What is central line-associated bloodstream infections?

A central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) is a serious infection that occurs when germs (usually bacteria or viruses) enter the bloodstream through the central line.

How can central line-associated bloodstream infections be prevented?

Slide 10. Five Evidence-Based Steps to Prevent CLABSI

  1. Use appropriate hand hygiene.
  2. Use chlorhexidine for skin preparation.
  3. Use full-barrier precautions during central venous catheter insertion.
  4. Avoid using the femoral vein for catheters in adult patients.
  5. Remove unnecessary catheters.

What percentage of central line bloodstream infections result in death?

Nearly one in every 20 hospitalized patients in the United States each year acquires an HAI. Central line–associated blood-stream infections (CLABSIs) are one of the most deadly types of HAIs, with a mortality rate of 12%–25% (2).

What is secondary bloodstream infection?

Secondary bacteremia occurs when bacteria have entered the body at another site, such as the cuts in the skin, or the mucous membranes of the lungs (respiratory tract), mouth or intestines (gastrointestinal tract), bladder (urinary tract), or genitals.

How do bloodstream infections occur?

A central line bloodstream infection (CLABSI) occurs when bacteria or other germs enter the patient’s central line and then enter into their bloodstream. These infections are serious but can often be successfully treated. Health care workers, patients and families can play an active role in CLABSI prevention.

What happens when infection gets in your bloodstream?

Septicemia is an infection that occurs when bacteria enter the bloodstream and spread. It can lead to sepsis, the body’s reaction to the infection, which can cause organ damage and even death. Septicemia is more common in people who are hospitalized or have other medical conditions.

How long can central line stay?

A central venous catheter can remain for weeks or months, and some patients receive treatment through the line several times a day. Central venous catheters are important in treating many conditions, particularly in intensive care units (ICUs).

How to prevent CLABSI infections?

Healthcare providers can take the following steps to help prevent CLABSIs: Follow recommended central line insertion practices to prevent infection when the central line is placed, including: Perform hand hygiene. Apply appropriate skin antiseptic.

Why do we care about CLABSI?

A CLABSI can occur when germs multiply on the central line material and enter the bloodstream. A CLABSI can cause fevers and chills, or the skin around the catheter may become red and tender. A CLABSI can be dangerous to patients, which is why UCSF provides specialized care for patients with central lines.

How to prevent CLABSI?

Use appropriate hand hygiene.

  • Use chlorhexidine for skin preparation.
  • Use full-barrier precautions during central venous catheter insertion.
  • Avoid using the femoral vein for catheters in adult patients.
  • Remove unnecessary catheters.
  • What is a central line associated infection?

    A central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) is a serious infection that occurs when germs (usually bacteria or viruses) enter the bloodstream through the central line. Healthcare providers must follow a strict protocol when inserting the line to make sure the line remains sterile and a CLABSI does not occur.