What did the Poor Law Act of 1834 do?
The new Poor Law ensured that the poor were housed in workhouses, clothed and fed. Children who entered the workhouse would receive some schooling. In return for this care, all workhouse paupers would have to work for several hours each day.
What was significant about the Poor Law Act 1838?
The report of the Royal Commission on the Poorer Classes in Ireland 1833 led to the Irish Poor Law Act of 1838, under which three “poor law commissioners” divided Ireland into poor law unions, in which paupers would receive poor relief (either workhouse or outdoor relief) paid for by a poor rate based on a “poor law …
What does impotent poor mean?
Impotent poor – people unable to work due to age, disability or other infirmity. Limited relief was provided by the community in which they lived. Able-bodied poor – these were people who were physically able to work and were forced to, to prevent them from becoming vagrants, beggars or vagabonds.
When was the poor law abolished?
In 1948 the Poor Law system was finally abolished with the introduction of the modern welfare state and the passing of the National Assistance Act. The National Health Service Act 1946 came into force in 1948 and created the modern day National Health Service.
Why did the poor law fail?
The Poor Law system fell into decline at the beginning of the 20th century owing to factors such as the introduction of the Liberal welfare reforms and the availability of other sources of assistance from friendly societies and trade unions, as well as piecemeal reforms which bypassed the Poor Law system.
What was the Poor Law Act?
The Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 (PLAA), known widely as the New Poor Law, was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed by the Whig government of Earl Grey.
What was Elizabeth Poor Law?
The Poor Relief Act 1601 (43 Eliz 1 c 2) was an Act of the Parliament of England. The Act for the Relief of the Poor 1601, popularly known as the Elizabethan Poor Law, “43rd Elizabeth” or the Old Poor Law was passed in 1601 and created a poor law system for England and Wales.
What did the Elizabethan Poor Laws establish?
The Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601 in England. The Elizabethan Poor Laws were passed as a response to the increasing number of poor in Great Britain. During earlier times the lords were directly responsible for the care of their tenants. But the feudal system began to crumble and the tenant farmers lost their land.