What are some historical events that happened in Tanzania?

20th century

Year Date Event
1992 28 May The Civic United Front is formed.
1995 29 October Tanzania holds its first multi-party election.
23 November Benjamin Mkapa is sworn in as the third President of Tanzania.
1973 February The Tanzanian parliament moves from Dar es Salaam to the new capital of Dodoma.

What is the brief history of Tanzania?

Tanzania is a result of the unification of Tanganyika (the mainland) and the Zanzibar islands. Tanganyika and Zanzibar united on 26th April 1964, forming the United Republic of Tanzania. Tanganyika became independent from the British on December 1961 and Zanzibar became free through a revolution on 12th January 1964.

What was Tanzania called before?

Tanganyika, historical eastern African state that in 1964 merged with Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, later renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.

When did Arabs arrive in Tanzania?

Many Arabs settled along the coast and eventually traders came from as far away as India. In the 11th century AD, the ancestors of the Masai began to migrate to Tanzania from southern Sudan. Most of them arrived between the 15th century and the 18th century.

When did Multipartism start in Tanzania?

Beginning in the mid-1980s, under the administration of President Ali Hassan Mwinyi, Tanzania undertook a number of political and economic reforms. In January and February 1992, the government decided to adopt multiparty democracy. Legal and constitutional changes led to the registration of 11 political parties.

When did the name Tanzania started to be used?

On 26 April 1964, Tanganyika united with Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. The country was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania on 29 October of that year. The name Tanzania is a blend of Tanganyika and Zanzibar and previously had no significance.

Who founded Tanzania?

Julius Nyerere
Julius Nyerere, the country’s founding father and first president (1962–85), came from this group. Tanzania: Ethnolinguistic composition Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Did Arabs colonize Tanzania?

From A.D. 700 on, Arabs colonized large regions of Tanzania. They introduced both spoken and written Arabic through Koran schools, which they used to teach their religion, Islam. Swahili speakers lived in coastal city-states, much like ancient Athens in Greece.

Who discovered Tanzania?

In 1498, Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama became the first known European to reach the African Great Lakes coast; he stayed for 32 days. In 1505 the Portuguese captured the island of Zanzibar. Portuguese control lasted until the early 18th century, when Arabs from Oman established a foothold in the region.

How did Tanzania get its name?

The name “Tanzania” was created as a clipped compound of the names of the two states that unified to create the country: Tanganyika and Zanzibar. It consists of the first three letters of the names of the two states (“Tan” and “Zan”) and the suffix, “ia” to form Tanzania.

Is there corruption in Tanzania?

Both grand and petty corruption are serious problems in Tanzania yet various comprehensive laws are in place to prevent corruption. It is largely due to a weak internal control and low or non-compliance with anti-corruption regulations within different government agencies.

Who was the third president of Zanzibar?

Presidents of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar

No. Name (Birth–Death) Elected
3 Ali Hassan Mwinyi (born 1925) 1984
4 Idris Abdul Wakil (1925–2000) 1985
5 Salmin Amour (born 1948) 1990 1995

How has Lake Victoria changed over its history?

During its geological history, Lake Victoria went through changes ranging from its present shallow depression, through to what may have been a series of much smaller lakes. Geological cores taken from its bottom show Lake Victoria has dried up completely at least three times since it formed.

What is the source and outflow of Lake Victoria?

Hydrology and limnology. The only outflow from Lake Victoria is the Nile River, which exits the lake near Jinja, Uganda. In terms of contributed water, this makes Lake Victoria the principal source of the longest branch of the Nile. However, the most distal source of the Nile Basin, and therefore the ultimate source of the Nile,…

Who was the first European to reach Lake Tanganyika?

Burton and Speke reach Lake Tanganyika, the first known Europeans to do so. Zanzibar and Oman are split into two separate principalities with Majid bin Said becoming the first Sultan of Zanzibar.

How many species of fish are there in Lake Victoria?

Lake Victoria has more than 200 species of fish, of which the Tilapia is the most economically important. The lake’s basin area covers 92,240 square miles (238,900 square km).