How do you in text cite a lecture?

Basic format to reference lecture notesAuthor or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.Year.Title (in italics).Description of format.Unit name and Unit code.University.Date lecture was delivered.

How do you cite field notes in APA?

The standard way to cite field notes is to put the quote in quotation and the (fieldnotes, date) either after or in the footnote.

How do you cite your own class notes?

Include any in-text citations for class notes on the Works Cited page. Begin with the last name of the lecturer, a comma and the first name. Within quotation marks, put the title of the lecture and a period. If there is no title, use “Lecture” without quotation marks, and add a period.

Do you have to cite lecture notes?

Tip: Cite information from your own personal notes from a lecture as personal communication and refer to it only in the body of your essay. Follow the format examples for a personal communication in the APA Guide.

How do you cite a paper example?

When citing a reference from your reference list, please use the following conventions. Put in parentheses the author(s) last names, the year, and optionally the page number(s) separated by commas. For one author, use the author’s last name and year separated by a comma. For example: (Walters, 1994) or (Austin, 1996).

How do you put a reference in a paragraph?

Using In-text Citation APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number.

How do you cite an entire paragraph in APA?

In paragraphs that contain one overall instance of paraphrased information, “cite the source in the first sentence in which it is relevant and do not repeat the citation in subsequent sentences as long as the source remains clear and unchanged” (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 254).

Do you need to reference directly after a quote?

If you quote directly from an author or to cite a specific idea or piece of information from the source, you need to include the page number of the quote in your in-text reference.

Can you cite without quoting?

If you are referring to an idea from another work but NOT direct quoting the work, or if you are making a reference to an entire article, book or other work, you will only cite the author and date, and not the page number.

Do you cite when you summarize?

You do not need to use quotation marks. Always use in-text citations when you paraphrase or summarize, to let the reader know that the information comes from another source.