Did China dam the Mekong?

During a 2019 Mekong basin drought, the upper reaches in China received record rainfall but dams kept nearly all of it from flowing downstream, the Stimson Center website says. Without that diversion, it says, the Mekong along the Thai-Lao border would have seen above average flows from April 2019 onward.

How many dams has China built on the Mekong?

11 giant dams
China has constructed 11 giant dams along the mountainous territory of the Upper Mekong to sustain its ever-increasing energy needs. The management of water flows has long been a concern for many living along the river.

When did China dam the Mekong?

China completed its first mainstream hydropower dam on the Mekong, the Manwan dam in Yunnan province, in 1995, and has since planned and built 10 more.

What is wrong with the Mekong River?

The Mekong River ecosystem is on the verge of irreversible collapse due to the accumulative effects of climate change and increased numbers of upstream dams as well as other human-made activities such as deforestation, sand mining, extensive irrigation for agriculture and wetland conversion.

Where is the Mekong River dam?

The Xayaburi Dam is a run-of-river hydroelectric dam on the Lower Mekong River, approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of Sainyabuli (Xayaburi) town in northern Laos. Commercial operation of the dam started in October 2019.

How many dams are in Mekong River?

China has constructed 11 hydropower dams, of which two are large storage dams, along the mainstream in the Upper Mekong Basin. Another 11 dams, each with production capacity of over 100 MW, are being planned or constructed….Hydropower.

Year Title
2015 Scoping report of regional benefit sharing in the Mekong

Is the Mekong River saltwater or freshwater?

Species. The Mekong giant catfish can weigh up to 770 pounds and is the third largest freshwater fish on the planet. The Greater Mekong has no fewer than 20,000 species of plants, 1,200 bird species, 800 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 430 mammal species. Over 1300 new species have been catalogued since 1997.

Why is the Mekong River important to China?

The Mekong River provides water, energy and food to six countries in South-East Asia. China has built 11 of the world’s largest dams on its portion of the river, with plans to construct several more. Those dams store more than 47 billion cubic metres of water and can generate more than 21,000 megawatts of electricity.

What are the two main problems that the Mekong River is facing?

Why is the Mekong drying up?

This river has nourished civilizations for millennia. Now it’s drying up, under attack from dam building, overfishing, and sand mining.

What type of fish are in the Mekong River?

Among the species of the Mekong are some of the world’s most charismatic fish including four to the world’s largest:

  • Giant freshwater stingray Himantura chaophraya (up to 600kg)
  • Mekong giant catfish Pangasianodon gigas (up to 350kg)
  • Giant pangasius Catlocarpio siamensis (up to 300kg)

How many dams are on the Mekong River?

A total of 11 dams are planned along the Mekong, storing up trouble for millions of people, the world’s largest inland fishery and critically endangered species. With a total of 11 dams planned for the lower Mekong River, the future of this mighty waterway is in grave danger.

Where does the Mekong River start and finish?

The Mekong River is a river in the south-east of Asia. It flows through many countries: China, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and finally Vietnam. The Mekong begins in the Lasagongma Spring which is in the plateaus of Tibet , disputed part of China, and flows about 2,703 miles (4,350 km) south-east to the South China Sea.

Does the Mekong River have a waterfall?

There are six waterfalls or rapids at the very southern section of the Mekong River in Laos, very close to the Cambodian border. It’s the ‘Mekong Falls’, also called the ‘Khone Falls’. Here the Mekong water drops in cascades over 21m down. The Mekong Waterfalls are the broadest waterfall on earth and the biggest in Asia.

What is the longest river in Southeast Asia?

Answer and Explanation: The longest river in Southeast Asia is the Mekong River (overall the seventh-longest river in Asia and the twelfth-longest in the world).