What was John Bardeen known for?

His citation reads: “Theoretical physicist John Bardeen (1908–1991) shared the Nobel Prize in Physics twice—in 1956, as co-inventor of the transistor and in 1972, for the explanation of superconductivity. The transistor paved the way for all modern electronics, from computers to microchips.

Was John Bardeen married?

Bardeen married Jane Maxwell in 1938. They have three children, James Maxwell, William Allen and Elizabeth Ann. John Bardeen was also awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1972.

Where was Bardeen born?

Madison, WIJohn Bardeen / Place of birth

What did Walter Brattain do?

Walter Houser Brattain (/ˈbrætən/; February 10, 1902 – October 13, 1987) was an American physicist at Bell Labs who, along with fellow scientists John Bardeen and William Shockley, invented the point-contact transistor in December 1947. They shared the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics for their invention.

What nationality was Wilhelm Roentgen?

GermanWilhelm Röntgen / Nationality

What did Walter Houser Brattain invent?

TransistorWalter Houser Brattain / Inventions

Walter Houser Brattain was the third member of the team at Bell Telephone Laboratories who succeeded in creating the first transistor in history, and while Shockley and Bardeen are relatively unknown, Brattain is even more so.

Where did the word transistor come from?

Transistors are still used in electronic products today. The word comes from the words transfer and resistor, because an electrical current in a transistor is transferred across a resistor, a two-terminal component of electronics.

What did Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen do?

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Röntgen also spelled Roentgen, (born March 27, 1845, Lennep, Prussia [now Remscheid, Germany]—died February 10, 1923, Munich, Germany), physicist who was a recipient of the first Nobel Prize for Physics, in 1901, for his discovery of X-rays, which heralded the age of modern physics and …

Who is John Bardeen?

John Bardeen was born in Madison, Wisconsin on May 23, 1908. His father, Charles Russell Bardeen, was the first graduate of the Johns Hopkins Medical School and founder of the Medical School at the University of Wisconsin. His mother, Althea Harmer, studied oriental art at the Pratt Institute and practiced interior design in Chicago.

Where did Michael Bardeen go to college?

After high school, Bardeen began attending the University of Wisconsin–Madison, where he majored in electrical engineering. At UW–Madison, he learned about quantum mechanics for the first time from professor John Van Vleck.

When did John Bardeen win the Nobel Prize in Physics?

The Nobel Prize in Physics in 1956. In 1956, John Bardeen shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with William Shockley of Semiconductor Laboratory of Beckman Instruments and Walter Brattain of Bell Telephone Laboratories “for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect”.

How old was Bob Bardeen in high school?

Bardeen was born May 23, 1908 in Madison, Wisconsin. He was the second of five children to Charles Bardeen, the dean of the University of Wisconsin’s medical school, and Althea (née Harmer) Bardeen, an art historian. When Bardeen was almost 9 years old, he skipped three grades at school to join the 7th grade, and a year later he began high school.