## What is the dual problem in SVM?

Duality: Hard Margin Classifier The Ldual L d u a l is a Convex Quadratic programming problem due to the αiαj α i α j term and can be solved using standard optimization techniques.

## What is dual formulation of SVM?

Dual Form Of SVM Lagrange problem is typically solved using dual form. The duality principle says that the optimization can be viewed from 2 different perspectives. The 1st one is the primal form which is minimization problem and other one is dual problem which is maximization problem.

**What is primal and dual problem in SVM?**

This comes from the duality principle which states that optimization problems may be viewed as primal (in this case minimising over w and b) or dual (in this case, maximising over a). For a convex optimisation problem, the primal and dual have the same optimum solution.

### What is the reason to use dual form in SVM?

Dual form of SVM: basically, we can separate each data point by projecting it into the higher dimension by adding relevant features to it as we do in logistic regression. But with SVM there is a powerful way to achieve this task of projecting the data into a higher dimension.

### What is dual problem in machine learning?

The dual problem provides an alternative in solving the primal problem if we can minimize L w.r.t. x easily. The rest will be simple because the result function g will be convex and easy to optimize. If the strong duality condition holds, we are done. If only the weak duality holds, we have a lower bound solution.

**What is dual formulation?**

1. The dual formulation of a mathematical programming problem is the mirror formulation of the primal formulation. The optimal value of the objective function of one provides a bound for that of the other.

## Why is dual problem easier?

Sometimes the dual is just easier to solve. Duality provides a lot of computational advantage in a problem with lesser number of variables and a multitude of constraints. Take the example of simplex, you will notice it is much easier to deal with lesser basic variables.

## What is dual representation in machine learning?

The dual representation is the expression of a solution as a linear combination of training point locations (their actual location in input space if the kernel is linear; or their location in a high-dimensional feature space induced by the kernel, if non-linear).

**Why do we use dual in linear programming?**

In linear programming, duality implies that each linear programming problem can be analyzed in two different ways but would have equivalent solutions. Any LP problem (either maximization and minimization) can be stated in another equivalent form based on the same data.

### What is the dual formula for nonlinear SVM regression?

Nonlinear SVM Regression: Dual Formula The dual formula for nonlinear SVM regression replaces the inner product of the predictors (xi′xj) with the corresponding element of the Gram matrix (gi,j). Nonlinear SVM regression finds the coefficients that minimize

### What is a support vector machine?

Let’s just take the formal definition of SVM from Wikipedia: A support-vector machine constructs a hyperplane or set of hyperplanes in a high- or infinite-dimensional space, which can be used for classification, regression, or other tasks like outliers detection. Wait, but there are too many technical terms!

**What is the difference between SVM regression and iterative single data?**

In SVM regression, the gradient vector for the active set is updated after each iteration. Iterative single data algorithm (ISDA) updates one Lagrange multiplier with each iteration[3]. ISDA is often conducted without the bias term b by adding a small positive constant a to the kernel function.

## What is the difference between primal problem and dual problem?

The optimal values of the primal and dual problems need not be equal, and the difference is called the “duality gap.” But when the problem is convex and satisfies a constraint qualification condition, the value of the optimal solution to the primal problem is given by the solution of the dual problem.