What does macula look like?

The macula is an oval-shaped pigmented area near (5°=1.5 mm away from) the center of the retina of the human eye and other animal eyes. The macula in humans has a diameter of around 5.5 mm (0.22 in) and is subdivided into the umbo, foveola, foveal avascular zone, fovea, parafovea, and perifovea areas.

Why is the macula lutea yellow?

Also, when viewed or photographed by your eye doctor, the macula lutea has a yellowish appearance (in contrast to the rest of the retina, which is red). The yellow color is due to the macular pigment, which is composed mainly of lutein and zeaxanthin from your diet.

What do you mean by macula lutea?

macula lutea, in anatomy, the small yellowish area of the retina near the optic disk that provides central vision. In the centre of the macula is a depression, called the fovea, which contains specialized nerve cells that are exclusively of the type known as cones.

What is the difference between macula lutea and fovea centralis?

The macula lutea, or macula for short, is to the side of the optic nerve and processes only the light that comes from the center of the visual field. In the center of the macula is the fovea centralis. The macula contains mostly cones and few rods, and the fovea centralis contains only cones and no rods.

What is macula made of?

The macula consists of two ganglion cell layers and at the centre it comprises of the fovea. The fovea is a pit made up of cone cells and has no rods; the fovea’s function is to ensure that the eye provides a central vision of a high resolution. The fovea is also responsible for individuals colour perception ability.

Are hair cells present in macula lutea?

1. A patch of sensory hair cells in the utriculus and sacculus of the inner ear that provides information about the position of the body in relation to gravity. The hairs of the cells are embedded in an otolith, a gelatinous cap containing particles of calcium carbonate.

What is the function of the iris?

The iris controls the amount of light that enters the eye by opening and closing the pupil. The iris uses muscles to change the size of the pupil. These muscles can control the amount of light entering the eye by making the pupil larger (dilated) or smaller (constricted).

What is the function of Iris?

What is the difference between macular and fovea?

The macula is the center portion of the retina that produces even sharper vision with its rods and cones. The fovea is the pit inside the macula with only cones, so vision can be at its sharpest.

What color is the macula?

The macula is yellow in color. The yellow color is derived from lutein and zeaxanthin in the diet, both yellow xanthophyllcarotenoids contained within the macula. Because of its yellow color, the macula absorbs excess blue and ultraviolet light that enter into the eye, acting as sunblock to protect the retinal area.