What are doped fullerenes?

Doped fullerenes in the crystalline phase are often called fullerides, in contrast to the term fullerite, which refers to the crystalline phase prior to doping. Several stable crystalline phases for exohedrally doped (or intercalated) C60 have been identified.

What is alkali doped C60?

Highlight. • Superconductivity in alkali-doped C60 (A3C60) is well described by an s-wave state produced by phonon mediated pairing. • Moderate coupling of electrons to high-frequency shape-changing intra-molecular vibrational modes produces transition temperatures up to 33 K in single-phase material.

What are the characteristics of fullerene?

Fullerenes are molecules composed of an even number of carbon atoms of a spherical or an ellipsoidal, closed spatial structure. The most common fullerene is the C60 molecule with a spherical structure – a truncated icosahedron, compared to a football.

What is the hybridization of carbon atoms in fullerene?

In fullerene, all the carbon atoms are equal and they undergo sp2-hybridisation.

How fullerene is different from other allotropes of carbon?

Fullerene, diamond and graphite are three allotropes of Carbon. All are made up of only carbon atoms; the difference lies in the arrangement of Carbon atoms. Fullerene has a hollow ball-like or cage-like structure in which carbon atoms are joined to each other by double and single bonds.

Why is fullerene an insulator?

Some said that, “Fullerne do not have layered structure like graphit and that is why free electrons do not jump and move easily . Thus, Fullerene is a bad conductor of electricity/ insulator. “

What is an example of a fullerene?

Fullerenes are molecules of carbon atoms with hollow shapes. Their structures are based on hexagonal rings of carbon atoms joined by covalent bonds. Some fullerenes include rings with five or seven carbon atoms. Two examples of fullerenes are buckminsterfullerene and nanotubes .

Why is Endohedral fullerene so expensive?

The name gives away the hi-tech nature of the substance and endohedral fullerenes are exactly that. Why it’s so insanely expensive – despite being discovered over 20 years ago – is because at present it takes weeks to produce just 50 milligrams of the stuff.

Is fullerene sp2 or sp3?

Fullerenes are closed hollow cages consisting of carbon atoms interconnected in pentagonal and hexagonal rings. Each carbon atom on the cage surface is bonded to three carbon neighbors and is sp2 hybridized. Fullerenes are the third allotropic form of carbon material after graphite and diamond.

What hybridization is present in fullerene?

Therefore in fullerene, each carbon atom combines with three other carbon atoms through three sigma bonds exactly similar to graphite. As a result similar to graphite, each carbon atom in fullerene is sp2 hybridized.

What is the other name of fullerene?

The other name of fullerene is buckminsterfullerene. In this allotropic form of carbon, the carbon molecules are arranged in a series and form a cage like structure. This structure of fullerene is hollow in nature.In this allotropic form when the carbon molecules are arranged in a cylindrical form, they form a tube like structure.

How does the structure of fullerene change with temperature?

Fullerene shows variation in behaviour and structure on changing the temperature. At a higher temperature the fullerene is converted into the C70 form. Fullerene shows change in structure under different pressures. The ionization enthalpy of fullerene is 7.61 electron volts. The electron affinity of fullerene is 2.6 to 2.8 electrons volts.

What are the properties of ferromagnetic fullerene?

Fullerene can act as an electron acceptor group. It can easily accept three electrons or more. Therefore, it can behave as an oxidizing agent. Fullerenes are doped with the alkali or alkaline earth metals, so that it can exhibit superconductivity properties. Ferromagnetism is a property of fullerene. Carbon molecules abound in fullerene.

What is the electron affinity of fullerene?

Fullerene has an electron affinity of 2.6 to 2.8 electron volts. In chemical reactions, fullerene (C60) resembles an electrophile. Fullerene has the capacity to serve as an electron acceptor. It can easily accept three or more electrons. As a consequence, it has the ability to act as an oxidising agent.