How did the failure of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge relate to simple harmonic motion?

The bridge was acting as a driven harmonic oscillator because the windstorm added energy to the bridge that kept it continuously oscillating. Without this continuous wind, the bridge would have been a damped harmonic oscillator that slowly loses its energy and stops oscillating over time.

What caused the collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge in 1940?

The Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapses due to high winds on November 7, 1940. The Tacoma Narrows Bridge was built in Washington during the 1930s and opened to traffic on July 1, 1940. It spanned the Puget Sound from Gig Harbor to Tacoma, which is 40 miles south of Seattle.

Where did the Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapse?

Puget Sound
The bridge became known for its pitching deck, and collapsed into Puget Sound the morning of November 7, 1940, under high wind conditions.

What caused the collapse of the Tacoma bridge in 1940?

Can a steel bridge collapse because of resonance?

Even a steel bridge can collapse because of resonance. When an object is forced to vibrate at its natural frequency, its vibration amplitude increases.

How was the Tacoma Narrows Bridge fixed?

The current westbound bridge was designed and rebuilt with open trusses, stiffening struts and openings in the roadway to let wind through. It opened on October 14, 1950, and is 5,979 feet (1822 m) long – 40 feet (12 m) longer than the first bridge, Galloping Gertie.

Why did the Second Narrows bridge collapse?

A diver searching for bodies drowned later, bringing the total fatalities for the collapse to nineteen. In a subsequent Royal Commission inquiry, the bridge collapse was attributed to miscalculation by bridge engineers. A temporary arm, holding the fifth anchor span, was deemed too light to bear the weight.

Why was the Tacoma Narrows Bridge failed?

In fact, the failure of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge was a combination of many factors, including design flaws. It used shallow plate girders to decrease the weight instead of deep open stiffening trusses, which rendered the bridge less stable. Also, the structure, quite simply, was too long for its width.

Why did the original Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapse?

The reason why the Tacoma Narrows bridge collapsed was due to the frequencies of resonance. The wind traveling at 40 miles per hour coincided with the frequencies of the steel bridge.

What causes bridges to fail?

In the United States, bridge scour is one of the three main causes of bridge failure (the others being collision and overloading). It has been estimated that 60% of all bridge failures result from scour and other hydraulic-related causes.

What intresting facts are there about Tacoma Narrows Bridge?

Interesting Facts: Destruction of the first bridge led to the examination of aerodynamic forces on major civil engineering projects. New bridge will have the capability of being second-decked, either with more traffic lanes or for light rail/Bus Rapid Transit in the future. The Tacoma Narrows is a big shelf between the upper and lower parts of Puget Sound.