What is transstadial transmission of disease?

Epidemiology of Vector-Borne Diseases Transstadial transmission is the sequential passage of parasites acquired during one life stage, or stadium, through the molt to the next stage(s) or stadium.

What is Transovarial passage?

passage of parasites or infective agents from the maternal body to eggs within the ovaries; commonly used to describe certain arthropods, to explain the ability of larvae of the next generation to transmit disease pathogens, as with the infection of larval mites or ticks with rickettsiae or viruses.

What is a vehicle transmission in microbiology?

The term vehicle transmission refers to the transmission of pathogens through vehicles such as water, food, and air.

What is vertical contact transmission?

Vertical transmission: Passage of a disease-causing agent (pathogen) from mother to baby during the period immediately before and after birth. Transmission might occur across the placenta, in the breast milk, or through direct contact during or after birth.

What is Transovarial biological transmission?

Transovarial or transovarian transmission (transmission from parent to offspring via the ovaries) occurs in certain arthropod vectors as they transmit pathogens from parent arthropod to offspring arthropod.

What is vehicle borne transmission?

[Vehicle-borne transmission is an indirect transmission process during which the pathogen is indirectly transferred from a reservoir, source or host to another host by inanimate intermediary vehicle objects.]

What does vehicle borne mean?

Vehicle-borne transmission is a vehicle that is, an inanimate object or material called in scientific terms a “fomite”—becomes contaminated with the infectious agent. The agent, such as a virus, may or may not have multiplied or developed in or on the vehicle.

What is horizontal and vertical transmission?

In general, transmission of viruses can occur through two pathways: horizontal and vertical transmission. In horizontal transmission, viruses are transmitted among individuals of the same generation, while vertical transmission occurs from mothers to their offspring.

What is vertical transmission Covid 19?

The vertical transmission of COVID-19 in the third trimester is approximately 3.2% (22/936) by infant nasopharyngeal swab testing, with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA positivity in other test sites ranging from 0% (0/51) in amniotic fluid and urine (0/17), 3.6% (1/28) in the cord blood …

Is Transovarial transmission vertical?

Transovarial transmission, or vertical transmission, is the spread of a pathogen from parent to offspring. It has been observed that some mosquito-borne viruses can be transmitted from female mosquitoes to their offspring during follicle development or during oviposition.

What is human Ehrlichia?

Ehrlichiosis is an illness caused by bacteria. It is spread by ticks. The illness causes fever, muscle aches, and other symptoms. It’s an uncommon illness that can affect people of all ages. It happens most often in the spring and summer months.