What is the femoral triangle?

The femoral triangle is a wedge-shaped area formed by a depression between the muscles of the thigh. It is located on the medial aspect of the proximal thigh. It is the region of the passage of the main blood vessels between the pelvis and the lower limb, as well as a large nerve supplying the thigh.

What are the 4 contents of the femoral triangle?

Structure of the Femoral Triangle

  • Superior border – inguinal ligament.
  • Medial border – adductor longus muscle.
  • Lateral border – sartorius muscle.
  • Medial floor – adductor longus and pectineus muscle.
  • Lateral floor – iliopsoas muscle.

Is femoral canal same as femoral triangle?

The femoral canal is located in the anterior thigh within the femoral triangle. It can be thought of as a rectangular shaped compartment with four borders and an opening: Medial border – lacunar ligament.

What is the femoral triangle and what is its clinical significance?

The femoral triangle is a hollow region located in the supero-medial part of the anterior thigh. It appears most prominently with hip flexion, abduction and internal rotation. It is an easily accessible area through which multiple neurovascular structures pass through.

What is the femoral ring?

The femoral ring is the base of the femoral canal. It is directed upward and is oval in form, its long diameter being directed transversely and measuring about 1.25 cm. Part of the intestine can sometimes pass through the femoral ring into the femoral canal causing a femoral hernia.

Why femoral hernia is more common in females?

It pushes through a weak spot in the surrounding muscle wall (abdominal wall) into an area called the femoral canal. Unlike inguinal hernias, femoral hernias occur far more frequently in women, particularly older women. This is because of the wider shape of the female pelvis. Femoral hernias are rare in children.

What is the clinical importance of femoral triangle?

Clinical significance Since the femoral triangle provides easy access to a major artery, coronary angioplasty and peripheral angioplasty is often performed by entering the femoral artery at the femoral triangle. Heavy bleeding in the leg can be stopped by applying pressure to points in the femoral triangle.

Is the superficial epigastric artery in the femoral triangle?

The superficial epigastric artery (not to be confused with the superior epigastric artery) arises from the front of the femoral artery about 1 cm below the inguinal ligament, and, passing through the femoral sheath and the fascia cribrosa, turns upward in front of the inguinal ligament, and ascends between the two …

What are the borders of Hesselbach’s triangle?

The Hesselbach triangle is located in the anterior abdominal wall bilaterally (on both the right and left sides) and has three major boundaries: the medial boundary consisting of the rectus abdominis muscle; the lateral boundary consisting of the inferior epigastric vessels, which supply the anterior abdominal wall …