What is the action of longus colli?

Function. As well as acting with the other cervical flexors to produce neck flexion, Longus Colli has been shown to have a postural function on cervical curvature, counteracting the lordosis increment related to the weight of the head and to the contraction of the posterior cervical muscles.

Is longus colli a spinal flexor?

The longus colli muscle is a prevertebral muscle of the neck that is innervated by the anterior rami of C2-C6 from the cervical plexus. Longus colli is a weak flexor the cervical spine and when contracting unilaterally it tilts and rotates the cervical spine to the ipsilateral side.

What is longus colli in medical terms?

Synonym(s): musculus longus colli [TA] , long muscle of neck.

Is longus colli a deep neck flexor?

The longus colli is a deep cervical flexor muscle, which simply means that it’s located close to the spine and that its job is to bend your neck forward: The longus colli moves your chin toward your chest. It also turns (rotates) and tilts your head to the side on which the muscle is located.

Where is the longus colli?

The left and right longus colli muscles (see Fig. 4-6) are located along the anterior aspect of the cervical vertebral bodies. Each of these muscles consists of three parts: vertical, inferior oblique, and superior oblique. Together the three parts of this muscle flex the neck (Cagnie et al., 2010).

What is the function of the longus capitis?

This muscular band attaches onto the region of the occiput anterior to the foramen magnum and posterior to the pharyngeal tubercle. The longus capitis muscle functions to flex the head (Cagnie et al., 2010) and is innervated by branches of the anterior primary divisions of C1 to C3.

How do you palpate a longus colli?

Palpation Assessment of the Longus Colli and Longus Capitis To palpate them, first find the medial border of the sternocleidomastoid and then drop immediately medial to it. Before attempting to access the longus musculature, first feel for the pulse of the carotid artery.

Where does longus colli attach?

The longus colli muscle inserts on the top six cervical vertebrae. Specifically, this muscle inserts on the superior arch of the atlas as well as the front parts of the C2-6 vertebrae. The superior arch of the atlas refers to the top portion of the first/top cervical vertebrae (C1).

What is the origin of longus colli?

Longus colli muscle
Origin Transverse processes of C-5 to T-3
Insertion Anterior arch of the atlas
Artery Ascending pharyngeal artery and vertebral arteries
Nerve C2-C6

Can you palpate longus colli?

Palpation Assessment of the Longus Colli and Longus Capitis The longus muscles are deep and located in a sensitive region of the body, but careful palpation can yield successful assessment and treatment of much of the musculature.

What is the longus colli?

Longus colli is a long skeletal muscle of the neck that is responsible for flexing the neck and the head. The longus colli is part of a group of muscles called the deep flexor muscles, which provide neck stabilization.

How do you assess longus colli muscle?

Longus Colli Muscle. Try this physical assessment test right where you are: Sit up straight with your head/eyes directed forward. Bring your chin as close to your chest as possible then bring it back up. Look over your right shoulder. Look over your left shoulder.

How do I strengthen a weakened longus colli?

Strengthening of a weakened longus colli is possible through performing these exercises. The chin tuck exercise Begin by lying on the floor with a neck support. Without bending the neck, tuck the chin in and hold for five seconds.

What is Longus colli calcific tendinitis?

Longus Colli Calcific Tendinitis Hemang Kotecha, DO Background: • Deposition of calcium hydroxyapatite crystals in the longus colli tendon • May be secondary to systemic or local metabolic disturbances Clinical Presentation: