What is gravimetric analysis of chloride?

Gravimetric analysis can be used to determine the concentration of an unknown chloride solution or the percentage by mass of an unknown chloride salt. A common method is to add an excess of acidified silver nitrate to a solution of the unknown salt to form a silver chloride precipitate.

What is gravimetric analysis of salt determination?

Gravimetric analysis is a quantitative method for accurately determining the amount of a substance by selective precipitation of the substance from an aqueous solution. The precipitate is separated from the remaining aqueous solution by filtration and is then weighed.

What is gravimetric analysis experiment?

Gravimetric analysis is a method in quantitative analysis where an unknown sample is dissolved in an appropriate solvent, and the analyte is converted to an insoluble form of a known compound. In this experiment the chlorine content of an unknown soluble chloride salt is to be determined.

What are the four fundamental types of gravimetric analysis?

The four main types of this method of analysis are precipitation, volatilization, electro-analytical and miscellaneous physical method. The methods involve changing the phase of the analyte to separate it in its pure form from the original mixture and are quantitative measurements.

What is the overall importance of gravimetry as an analytical technique?

Gravimetric analysis allows for highly detailed analysis if procedures are practised closely. In fact, to calculate the atomic masses of several elements in the periodic table to six figure precision, gravimetric analysis was used.

How is gravimetric analysis used in industry?

Gravimetric analysis is used to determine the chemical composition of rocks, minerals, and alloys and for quality control of raw materials and finished products in a number of branches of industry. Among the various kinds of gravimetric analysis are assay and electrochemical analysis.

How many types of gravimetric analysis are there?

There are 4 fundamental types of gravimetric analysis.

What is the purpose of chromate ions in chloride determination?

Potassium chromate can serve as an end point indicator for the argentometric determination of chloride, bromide and cyanide ions by reacting with silver ions to form a brick-red silver chromate precipitate in the equivalence point region.

What is gravimetry and its importance?

Gravimetric analysis is a technique through which the amount of an analyte (the ion being analyzed) can be determined through the measurement of mass. Gravimetric analyses depend on comparing the masses of two compounds containing the analyte. The precipitate must be a pure compound.

What are the advantages of gravimetric analysis over titrimetric analysis?

Advantages of gravimetric analysis: 1. It is accurate and precise when using modern analytical balance. 2. Possible sources of error are readily checked since filtrates can be tested for completeness of precipitation and precipitates may be examined for the presence of impurities.

What factors determine a successful gravimetric analysis by precipitation?

All precipitation gravimetric analyses share two important attributes. First, the precipitate must be of low solubility, of high purity, and of known composition if its mass is to reflect accurately the analyte’s mass. Second, it must be easy to separate the precipitate from the reaction mixture.

Why is chloride test important in water analysis?

Chloride increases the electrical conductivity of water and thus increases its corrosivity. In metal pipes, chloride reacts with metal ions to form soluble salts (8), thus increasing levels of metals in drinking-water.