What does Bronchomalacia mean?

Bronchomalacia is a congenital problem that arises from diminished cartilage support of the smaller airways (below the trachea, or windpipe). The weakened cartilage usually collapses more easily during expiration and prolongs expiration, or prevents expectoration and causes trapping of secretions.

What is a Tracheopexy?

Tracheopexy. Similar to an aortopexy, this procedure opens up and supports the airway by suspending the front of the tracheal wall from the back of the sternum. Sometimes the thymus gland is removed to create more space between the aorta and the sternum.

What is the Carina?

A ridge at the base of the trachea (windpipe) that separates the openings of the right and left main bronchi (the large air passages that lead from the trachea to the lungs). Also called carina of trachea.

What is Tracheolaryngomalacia?

Thus, tracheomalacia is a softening of the trachea so that the tracheal rings are not longer able to prevent the airway from collapsing in on itself, especially during expiration. Laryngomalacia is a collapse of the laryngeal structures.

What is Tracheobronchomalacia?

Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is a rare condition that occurs when the tissue that makes up the windpipe, or trachea, is soft and weak. A healthy windpipe, or trachea, is stiff. It remains open while you breathe or cough.

Is tracheomalacia serious?

Tracheomalacia can be mild enough to be managed medically or it can be moderate or severe (life-threatening). Most children with tracheomalacia will improve by age 2 to the point that their symptoms that are not severe enough to require surgery.

What is carina heart?

The carina is around the area posterior to where the aortic arch crosses to the left of the trachea. The azygos vein crosses right to the trachea above the carina.

What is Laryngotracheal stenosis?

Laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) is a narrowing of the upper airway between the larynx and the trachea with potentially devastating consequences, including respiratory failure, cardiopulmonary arrest, and death. The upper airway is comprised of the larynx, glottis, subglottic region, and trachea.

What is Pharyngomalacia?

Pharyngomalacia (PM) or concentric pharyngeal wall inspiratory collapse (PWIC) is mostly missed during bronchoscopic evaluations in the neonates with noisy breathing because people are not aware of this condition.