What does atmospheric window mean?

atmospheric window. noun. wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum that can be transmitted through the earth’s atmosphere. Atmospheric windows occur in the visible, infrared, and radio regions of the spectrum.

What is the range of atmospheric window?

A range of wavelengths over which there is relatively little absorption of radiation by atmospheric gases. The major windows are the visible window, from ∼0.3 to ∼0.9 μm; the infrared window, from ∼8 to ∼13 μm; and the microwave window, at wavelengths longer than ∼1 mm.

Why is the infrared wavelength region around 10.5 micrometers called the atmospheric window?

Some of the infrared radiation leaving the atmosphere originates near the earth’s surface and is transmitted relatively unimpeded through the atmosphere; this is the radiation from areas where there are no clouds and which is present in the part of the spectrum known as the atmospheric “window” (Figure 2).

How many atmospheric windows are present in infrared band?

Through optimizing the design parameters of the proposed hierarchical structure, an ultra-broadband infrared absorber covering the three major atmospheric windows (0.7–2.5, 3–5, and 8–14 μm) has been numerically and experimentally demonstrated.

What is the best wavelength for transmitting satellite signals?

These regions of the spectrum with wavelengths that can pass through the atmosphere are referred to as “atmospheric windows.” Some microwaves can even pass through clouds, which make them the best wavelength for transmitting satellite communication signals.

Which region is identified as atmospheric window in electromagnetic radiation?

infrared region
Earth’s atmospheric window is an infrared region. The infrared atmospheric window is defined as a region of the Infrared spectrum where there is relatively little absorption of thermal radiation by atmospheric gases.

How do atmospheric windows affect remote sensing?

How the Atmospheric Window Impacts Remote Sensing. The atmospheric window allows specific types of EM radiation to freely pass. The EM radiation (in blue) is what sensors are capable of seeing on Earth. Our eyes can see red, green, and blue which is visible light.

Where is the atmospheric window of thermal IR?

In the Earth’s atmosphere this window is roughly the region between 8 and 14 μm although it can be narrowed or closed at times and places of high humidity because of the strong absorption in the water vapor continuum or because of blocking by clouds.

Why is the infrared wavelength region from 8 to 13 micrometers called the atmospheric window?

The infrared atmospheric window refers to a region of the Infrared spectrum where there is relatively little absorption of terrestrial thermal radiation by atmospheric gases.

Which atmospheric gas is responsible for this adsorption at 9 to 10 micrometers?

Ozone can absorb wavelengths between 9 μm and 10 μm, but as you have learned, it is found in low concentrations. The sun’s ultraviolet wavelengths are strongly absorbed by ozone in the stratosphere.

How is the atmospheric window used in remote sensing?

The atmosphere absorbs some this energy while allowing other wavelengths to pass through. The places where energy passes through are called “atmospheric windows”. We use these “windows” in remote sensing to peer into the atmosphere from which we can obtain much information concerning the weather.

What is the wavelength range for ultraviolet light?

100-400 nm
The UV region covers the wavelength range 100-400 nm and is divided into three bands: UVA (315-400 nm) UVB (280-315 nm) UVC (100-280 nm).

What is the resolution of the MODTRAN6 code?

This covers the spectrum from middle ultraviolet to visible light to far infrared. The most recently released version of the code, MODTRAN6, provides a spectral resolution of 0.2 cm −1 using its 0.1 cm −1 band model algorithm.

What is the resolution of the MODTRAN band model?

The band model provides resolution as fine as 0.2 cm -1 from its 0.1 cm -1 band model. MODTRAN solves the radiative transfer equation including the effects of molecular and particulate absorption/emission and scattering, surface reflections and emission, solar/lunar illumination, and spherical refraction.

What is the atmospheric correction code for?

The code is embedded in many operational and research sensor and data processing systems, particularly those involving the removal of atmospheric effects, commonly referred to as atmospheric correction, in remotely sensed multi- and hyperspectral imaging (MSI and HSI). Read More