Does mitochondria produce the most ATP?
Most of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesized during glucose metabolism is produced in the mitochondria through oxidative phosphorylation. This is a complex reaction powered by the proton gradient across the mitochondrial inner membrane, which is generated by mitochondrial respiration.
Does aerobic respiration use mitochondria?
Mitochondria are double membrane bound cytoplasmic organelles present in most eukaryotic cells. They are responsible for aerobic respiration, producing energy for the cell, which they achieve through oxidative phosphorylation.
Do mitochondria generate ATP through aerobic respiration?
Mitochondria, organelles specialized to carry out aerobic respiration, contain an inner membrane folded into cristae, which form two separate compartments: the inner membrane space and the matrix. The electron transport chain is embedded in the inner membrane and uses both compartments to make ATP by chemiosmosis.
Where in the mitochondria is the most ATP made during cellular respiration?
Most ATP from glucose is generated in the electron transport chain. It is the only part of cellular respiration that directly consumes oxygen; however, in some prokaryotes, this is an anaerobic pathway. In eukaryotes, this pathway takes place in the inner mitochondrial membrane.
Which step of aerobic respiration generates the most ATP?
electron transport chain
The electron transport chain generates the most ATP out of all three major phases of cellular respiration. Glycolysis produces a net of 2 ATP per molecule of glucose.
How does the mitochondria generate ATP?
Mitochondria, using oxygen available within the cell convert chemical energy from food in the cell to energy in a form usable to the host cell. NADH is then used by enzymes embedded in the mitochondrial inner membrane to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP). In ATP the energy is stored in the form of chemical bonds.
How is ATP produced in aerobic respiration?
Most of the ATP produced by aerobic cellular respiration is made by oxidative phosphorylation. The energy of O2 released is used to create a chemiosmotic potential by pumping protons across a membrane. This potential is then used to drive ATP synthase and produce ATP from ADP and a phosphate group.
How much ATP is produced in aerobic respiration?
The three stages of aerobic cellular respiration are glycolysis (an anaerobic process), the Krebs cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation….Aerobic vs anaerobic respiration.
|ATP produced||Large amount (36 ATP)||Small amount (2 ATP)|
Where is most of the ATP made during cellular respiration quizlet?
Most of the ATP made during cellular respiration is made in the MITOCHONDRIA (during oxidative phosphorylation).
What are the 3 steps of aerobic respiration?
Aerobic respiration is divided into three main stages: Glycolysis, Citric acid cycle and Electron transport chain.
Which process produces the most energy in the form of ATP?
the Krebs cycle
The process which produces the most energy in the form of ATP is the Krebs cycle- also known as the citric acid cycle.
How much ATP is produced in the mitochondria?
In the mitochondria, the metabolism of sugars is completed, and the energy released is harnessed so efficiently that about 30 molecules of ATP are produced for each molecule of glucose oxidized.
How is ATP produced in the mitochondria?
The production of ATP is called the process of cellular respiration. Cellular respiration is the process that releases energy in the form of glucose. Here are three steps before the ATP is created in the mitochondria. The first step is called Glycolysis.
How is ATP synthesized during anaerobic respiration?
During anaerobic respiration, ATP is synthesized through glycolysis. In aerobic production, ATP is produced by mitochondria in addition to glycolysis. Glycolysis is produced in a cell’s cytoplasm.
What is the role of mitochondria in cellular respiration?
It is involved in the final step of the breakdown. If oxygen is not available then only two ATP are produced. Cells that have a high-energy demand such as nerve cells and muscle cells contain a large number of mitochondria to maximise ATP production by aerobic respiration.
What is produced during electron transport in aerobic respiration?
Electron transport is the last stage of aerobic respiration in cellular respiration. It results in the production of adenosine triphosphate, or ATP. ATP is a molecule that supports a variety of life functions. It is found in the nucleoplasm and cytoplasm of all cells,…